Plato – The Republic
Plato is traditionally thought to have been born in 428 B.C. and have died in 348. His
father, Ariston, was believed the last king of Athens, his mother, Prediction, was related to
Solon, the first architect of Athenian constitution. He had two brothers, Glaucon and
Adeimantus. Also Plato had a sister, Potone, whose son took over as head of the Academy on
Plato was a stranger to Athenian politics as her mother married to politician after his
father’s death. It would be completely natural that Plato took over politics as he grew older,
but in his seventh letters he explains why he refused to do so. The reason behind was arrest
of Socrates, as he refused to take part in politics. Thus Plato believed that he had to praise
true philosophy that it enables him to discern what is just.
At the age of forty Plato visited Sicily in order to meet Pythagorean philosophers.
Afterwards in 368 BC Plato was sent to Dionysius 2 to teach him how to rule a state. Plato
stayed in Sicily because he had something to teach about the real political significance. As it
is seen in Republic, is that Plato believed that kings must become philosophers or
philosopher must become kings.
Polemarchus – Forces Socrates to stay and talk with force. Person who is devoted to honor.
Cephalus – Father of Polmarchus. Aged man who is wealthy. Socrates and Cephalus discuss
the burdens of old age. He does not provide theoretical reflection thus leaves disappointed.
Glaucon – brother of Plato
Adeimantus – brother of Plato.
Thrasymachus – is an example of people of Athens, who teach youth public speaking, the
art of speaking. Also he can the considered as a sophist person.
1. Instability, because of war decision (Persia), which were upheld by citizens who were
45,000 among 340,000 residents.
2.462 BC Athens moved from traditional institutions to more democratic