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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Rebecca Kingston

Lecture (March 27 )th Freedom & Obligation Rebutting Claims of Paternal authority (Chps 6-7) Disentangling the Political from the Famicial (Chp.7) Chp.8- A Lockean Two-step Problem of Historical Monarchy Problem of Tacit Consent Chp. 9 Ends of Political Society Lockes political society has a pre-existing moral compass Rebutting Claims of Paternal Authority Goal is to understand the transition from the state of nature to civil society Tension between freedom and obligation is to create an independent sphere of the political; it is independent of religious authority Unlimited authority based on patriarchy derived from power from Adam, Lockes concern is to distinguish paternal and political power; human beings are not born with irresistible obligations Political authority is separate from parental authority Filmer had the theory of inheritance Locke is a realist, he realizes that children are not born into a world of equality, they are born with a dependency upon their parents, the reason is that the law of nature is the law of reason people must rationally understand their rights and duties if they are to be free, as minors with their rationality is undeveloped they are beings that are not subject to the law The law is not the limitation it is the directions of a free and intelligent agent to the law Parents therefore: have authority over their children, only so far as they have a duty to nourish them to develop their mental capacity, full bearers of free will, and self conscience adherence to nature Parental authority if its based on authority, once that duty is discharged, most countries suggest 21 years of age, when that happens at that point the authority of parents over children is temporary When a person comes into the age of 21 he is equal in front of society with his own parents, Locke in paragraph 59. says that what is good enough for the father is good enough for the son, pokes a hole in Filmers theory p.63 suggesting that individual freedom comes through the proper development of reason till the age of maturity, so as to attain a mature and adult freedom to go along with the laws as heshe enters society He does this to show that Filmer and the reader will have to accept that they are born to freedom, as their parents duties upon them will eventually be discharged Locke is here recognizing the way in which childhood might be a problem for liberal theory www.notesolution.com
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