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Cross-Cultural Social Psychology
Review Guide for Unit I
I. Intro to Cultural Psychology
a. Commonalities Across Definitions of Culture
i. Humans Interact with Environments
1. Ecocultural Components
ii. Culture Consists of Shared Elements
1. Shared Practices and Shared Meanings
iii. Transmission to Others Over Time
1. Types of Transmission
b. Challenges in Studying Culture
c. Culture Shock
d. Is Culture Unique to Humans?
i. Cultural Learning
ii. Theory of Mind
iii. Language
iv. Cumulative Culture
II. Evolutionary Foundations of Cultural Psychology
a. Biological vs. Cultural Evolution
i. Replication of Genes versus Replication of Ideas
ii. Factors that cause ideas to spread
1. Communicable ideas
a. Dynamic Social Impact Theory
2. Emotional ideas
3. Minimally Counterintuitive ideas
b. Changing Cultures vs. Sustained Cultures
i. Increasing Interconnectedness
ii. Increasing Individualism
iii. Increasing Intelligence
iv. Pluralistic Ignorance
c. Ecological Adaptedness
i. Ecological and Geographical Variation
1. Proximal Causes vs. Distal Causes
2. Transmitted vs. Evoked Culture
ii. Hunter-Gatherer Adaptedness
iii. Domestication of Plants and Animals
iv. Aspects of Ecology
v. Timeline of Adaptedness
1. Standard of Living vs. Quality of Life
2. Tribes and Super-Tribes
a. Competition vs. Cooperation
b. Tribes vs. Super-Tribes of Impersonal Strangers
c. Law/Codes of Discipline
d. Religion/Social Custom
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