midrev3

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4 Oct 2011
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Cross-Cultural Social Psychology
Review Guide for Unit I
I. Intro to Cultural Psychology
a. Commonalities Across Definitions of Culture
i. Humans Interact with Environments
1. Ecocultural Components
ii. Culture Consists of Shared Elements
1. Shared Practices and Shared Meanings
iii. Transmission to Others Over Time
1. Types of Transmission
b. Challenges in Studying Culture
c. Culture Shock
d. Is Culture Unique to Humans?
i. Cultural Learning
ii. Theory of Mind
iii. Language
iv. Cumulative Culture
II. Evolutionary Foundations of Cultural Psychology
a. Biological vs. Cultural Evolution
i. Replication of Genes versus Replication of Ideas
ii. Factors that cause ideas to spread
1. Communicable ideas
a. Dynamic Social Impact Theory
2. Emotional ideas
3. Minimally Counterintuitive ideas
b. Changing Cultures vs. Sustained Cultures
i. Increasing Interconnectedness
ii. Increasing Individualism
iii. Increasing Intelligence
iv. Pluralistic Ignorance
c. Ecological Adaptedness
i. Ecological and Geographical Variation
1. Proximal Causes vs. Distal Causes
2. Transmitted vs. Evoked Culture
ii. Hunter-Gatherer Adaptedness
iii. Domestication of Plants and Animals
iv. Aspects of Ecology
v. Timeline of Adaptedness
1. Standard of Living vs. Quality of Life
2. Tribes and Super-Tribes
a. Competition vs. Cooperation
b. Tribes vs. Super-Tribes of Impersonal Strangers
c. Law/Codes of Discipline
d. Religion/Social Custom
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Document Summary

Evolutionary foundations of cultural psychology: biological vs. Cultural evolution: replication of genes versus replication of ideas, factors that cause ideas to spread, communicable ideas, dynamic social impact theory, emotional ideas, minimally counterintuitive ideas, changing cultures vs. Methods in cultural psychology: before beginning research, cosi. Development and socialization: sensitive periods for language acquisition, sensitive periods for culture acquisition, differing psychological processes across cultures, interpersonal relationships, linguistic environment, interpersonal vs. Guilt: industry vs. inferiority, ego identity vs. role confusion, intimacy vs. Isolation: generativity vs. stagnation, ego integrity vs. Despair: piaget"s stages of cognitive development, sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operations, formal operations, kohlberg"s stages of moral development, preconventional, conventional, postconventional, reciprocity between culture and biology. Another girl her age yelled, that"s not fair! You have to go to the back of the line! elaine turned back, saw a long line of customers, and quietly retreated. This is an example of: vertical transmission, horizontal transmission, oblique transmission, orthogonal transmission.

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