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PSY323H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Glass Ceiling, Stereotype Threat, Subtyping

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Alison Luby
Study Guide

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Stereotype threat = fear of confirming negative stereotype in a situation where stereotype is relevant,
thus confirmable
Disidentification: domain no longer central to one’s self-concept
Self-affirmation: establishing or maintaining self-integrity and self-worth reduces ST effects
Subtyping - placing exemplars who do not fit the stereotype into a group of their own
Encapsulation : putting exceptions to the rule into subcategories.
Elaboration: to go beyond broad categories by elaborating on the distinct ways that people can emulate
the stereotype.
Evaluation: how do people feel about the different types.
Gender vanguards - individuals who shed gender stereotypes
Glass ceiling: prevent advancement; 2nd glass ceiling: get same pay less responsibility
Overperformance demand: women have to do v well on masculine domain to disconfirm expectation of
female incompetance (shifting standards)
Sex-role spillover: behavior of expected role not rewarded
Denial of personal discrimination
Lower self-entitlement
Family responibility discrimination
Maternal wall
Role incongruity model of prejudice: hostile prejudice activate when mismatched roles
Sexual harassment: patronizing - unwanted sexual att; hostile - getting women out of male dominated
Sexual coercion: outcomes contingent on sexual compliance
Unwanted sexual att: treating women as sex objects
Gender harassment: degreding women as a group
Trad romantic ideologies: prescriptive cultural scripts dictating the course of love
Romantic ideals: how love is supposed to happen
Self-objectification theory: internalize cultural messages that bodies are objects to be consumed
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