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Annotated Bibliography- FINAL.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
Shawn Lehman

Annotated Bibliography: Scriptures in the Eastern Traditions Sathya Sivapathasundaram Justin Stein RLG 100 March 18, 2013 Clasquin, Mitchel. “Buddhist scriptures for Non- Buddhists The Pali Canon – an overview.”Boston: Brill, 1995.Web 5/00000002/00000002/art00005 This scholarly article is written by Mitchel Clasquin, an Assistant Professor at the University of South Africa whose expertise is in Religious Studies. This article analyses the history of Buddhist scriptures and narrows down to the significance of the Pali Canon. In addition, Clasquin also covers the history of the Pali Canon (also known as Tipitaka) and explains why the Pali Canon scripture was written in the Pali Language. In this text, Clasquin also covers the main divisions in Buddhism, which are Theravada and Mahayana. This article was useful for my research essay because it provides all the information about the Pali Canon and gives a general overview of the Theravada tradition. However, this article may not be useful if it was used to study Buddhism in general because it focuses more on the Theravda School and the Pali Canon scripture. Aside from that, this text is rich in content regarding the Pali Canon and was written by an author who is a reputable individual in the community of religious studies. This source was a backbone to my research assignment because this source looks at different angles when referring to the Pali Canon. As a result, it was an unbiased source which provided me with adequate information for my essay. Gethin, Rupert. “The Foundations of Buddhism.” Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. Web. ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info%3Aofi%2Fenc%3AUTF- 8&rfr_id=info:sid/ x:book&rft.genre=book&rft.title=The+Foundations+of+Buddhism& +Gethin&rft.series=OPUS+S& 16& ID=9780191587894 This book, written by Rupert Gethin, explores Buddhism from its root. This text looks at how Buddhism was first originated and outlines the division of Buddhism that had occurred over-time. Gethin also clarifies the history behind the philosophical approach toward Buddhism and discusses why those set of beliefs are still in practice. This source proved it is valuable because it lays out the history of Buddhism and goes into detail, which enhanced the quality of my essay because I was able to use these facts to develop my arguments. In addition, this source becomes more valuable because, based on my assessment, Gethin, is highly qualified making this source genuine and legitimate. Gethin is a Lecturer in Indian Religions at the University of Bristol. In fact, Gethin holds a masters degree and a PhD in Buddhist studies. Therefore, this source is vital to my research essay because it has valuable information by an author who studied the entire religion and teaches about it at a university level. Coward, Harold. “The role of scripture in the self-definition of Hinduism and Buddhism in India.” Sage. (1992):131-144. U Toronto Library. Web. 13 March 2013. Harold Coward draws close attention to the significance of scriptures from Hinduism and Buddhism. Coward analyses how the scriptures came to be formed and why they are still being used in today’s society. In addition, he creates a concrete distinction between the eastern and western religious traditions by comparing the Hindu and Buddhist religious scriptures to the western religious scriptures, particularly the Bible. This text was useful only to define the function of the Hindu and Buddhist scriptures in their traditions; it, however, did not provide sufficient information regarding how the religious texts first originated and how the Hindu and Buddhist traditions use it. Instead, this text compares religious texts and underlines the relationship between the scriptures and self-identity. In addition, this text is concerned about the various factors that lead to the distinction, in which Coward incorporates theorists who had already studied this topic prior to him and have done adequate research. This text is valid since Coward is a director at the University of Victoria’s influential centre for Studies in Religion and Society. It is apparent that Coward is keen in showing his interest in world religions and has contributed a lot to this field. Sharma, Arvind. “The Scientific Stude of Religion: It’s Contribution to the Study of the Bhagavadgha.” Zygon.Vol 39 no.3. 707-711. ATLAS. U Toronto Library. Web. 13 March 2013. Arvind Sharma addresses the philosophical overview in Hinduism along with Hindu teachings. Sharma is a Professor of Comparative Religion at McGill University. Sharma uses studies to outline how the philosophical ideologies came into play in Hinduism and defines the student-teacher relationship from a Hindu perspective. This article had information that was limited for me because Sharma only discusses the ideologies of Hinduism but does not draw connections to specific scriptures in Hinduism. Although this source talks about the philosophic
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