PSY220 Lecture 1.docx - Denton

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Ashley Waggoner Denton

PSY220 Lecture One  Social psychology is the scientific study of the ways in which a person’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviours are influenced by real, imagined or implied presence of others  Was Norman Triplett’s paper in 1898 the first Social Psychology paper ever written? o Children reeling in fishing line as fast as they could in the presence or absence of spectators  They did better when there were spectators present o Norman Triplett’s paper contradicts other papers indicating the opposite effect taking place  Social psychologists must focus on thoughts and feelings of people even though they cannot be directly observed o World War II had a big impact on the study of Social Psychology  Study of influence, prejudice, persuasion, obedience, etc.  Holocaust & Rise of the Nazis  WWII opened up a floodgate of questions under the realm of Social Psychology and more funding became available  There are many subcategories within Social Psychology o Stereotypes, prejudice, attitudes, leadership, aggression, etc.  Two Fundamental Axioms of Social Psychology: o People construct their own reality  Stephen Colbert Report – is he a true conservative who pretends to be joking and genuinely means everything he says on the show? Or is he a liberal who pretends to be a conservative to be humorous?  Depends on the political views of the person you ask o A liberal will say the latter and a conservative will say the former – conforms to their own political views  Was the test that you just wrote fair?  Depends on the grade that you received – high grade = fair, low grade = unfair o Social influence is pervasive  Introductions differentiate based on the context you are in  Would you introduce yourself as a Canadian while you are in Canada?  Others influence us even when we are by ourselves  Social influence is most profound when it is least evident  Ex. Goldstein, Cialdini & Griskevicius, 2008  Looking at which appeal (environmental, economic, or social) best encourages hotel guests to reuse their towels o Environmental appeal vs. Environmental appeal + Social appeal  The appeal that combined social and environmental had a higher number of participants  Three Motivational Principles – people direct their thoughts, feelings and behaviours toward three important goals: o People strive for mastery  We like having an accurate understanding of the world around us – allows us to make accurate predictions of upcoming social events and helps us obtain the rewards we want  Ex. Preparing for a job interview by going through many sample interview questions  Good prediction  Good judgment  Good decisions o People seek connectedness  We want to feel accepted and loved by individuals and groups that we care about o People value “Me and Mine”  We desire to see ourselves, and those connected to ourselves, in a positive light  We see our own children as the best, whether or not that’s actually true  Most common twitter hashtag is #Me – our generation has an overwhelming sense to only care about ourselves  Three Processing Principles – principles that operate as we gather and interpret information about the world: o Conservatism  Established views are slow to change  Reason? Established knowledge tends to perpetuate itself o First impression of Bob was that he is arrogant. When he innocently asked you what you got on the recent test, you think the only reason he is asking is to gloat his score o Accessibility  Accessible information has the largest impact on our thoughts, feelings, and behaviours  Our mental resources are limited, so we can’t consider all possible information every time we make a decision or judgment o Priming effect – ‘Old Spice vs. Axe’ experiment o Superficiality vs. Depth  Superficiality – process information with little thought and effort  Default state for humans because of natural propensity to be lazy and/or take the path of least resistance  Depth – the tendency to process information with lots of thought and effort  We tend to only use this method when something is “threatening” o
More Less

Related notes for PSY220H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.