PSY333 JUNE 18.docx

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Nevena Simic

PSY333 JUNE 18, 2012 TERMINAL ILLNESS DIAGNOSES DISEASE THA WILL KILL YOU IMMENITLEY PSYCHOSOCIAL ISSUE HOW CONCEPTUALIZE DEATH HOW DEATH DIFFER ACROSS LIFESPAND, CHIDL VS ADOL VS ADULT WHAT EMEAN COME TO GRIPS TWITH IT ETC What are the leading causes of detah in Canada - Malingent neoplasms (2008) cancers - Next was heart disease and stroke, casrdiovasuclar only sdewcond to cancer - Resp distress chronic - Finally accidents Death as a function of age When and how do people diue - Average life expect in Canada is 80.3 years – world wide 78 - Beginning of the 20 century 47.3, why the huge increase - Death from acute illness - Infdant mortality has gone down - 1940 47/1000 live births - 2006 6.7 deaths/1000 live births in america - More people coming in and survuive in loinger Death in infancy and childhood - Infant mortality rate is ratio of deaths to live births - 5.1/1000 in Canada th th - Relativel;y high compared to western Europe used to be in 6 now in 24 in 2007 this Canada - Effects of ses - 4.0/1000 in rishect neighborhood - 6.5/1000 in poorest (Canada) - Is significant effect on se status in infant survuv past infancy - Effects of culture superced sesw - First nations is greater then non first nations , even within first nation is stratification of ses Leading casues of death - Birth to year 1 – congenital abnormalies and sids - Sids 3 babies die per week in canda in 2005 – before normal no problems and then just die - Babies simply stop breathing - More likely to occur in lower classs urban environments when mom smoked during preggo when baby is put to sleep on stomach – easily modifiable beaviour - Back to sleep campaing in 1999 government of canaada country wide campaign reduced sids by 50 percent - See link and modify behvaiour - From ages 1-15 the casues shift to accidents like posionnings and falls and childhood leukemia - How to prevent accidents  modify behavior like pill bottles, edu for new mothers highlight things how to install things, also is suprivision of children in backyard when pool is open, inside stairs and when become more mobile, bikes without helmets, know where safe to bike ride, play in parks then steeets - Leukemia: cancer of bone marrow excess white blood cell production + severe anemia (80% survival rate today) diagnoses not mean death good survival rate lingering side effects of treatment like radiation for cognitive functioning and become sverly imapried cognitively and brain can be retarded, earlier treatment worse off for effects, bc brain effects bc radiation effects quicly turning over cells like bain cells and myelin and destroy newly developin areas like cancer , myelin no immediate consequences but not develop reg skills like reading ability, delay treatment to require basic skills can improve fucntiong in life, if before building block activeits before easier if not harder Chidls understading od detah - Up to 5 death is great sleep - No understanidgn of death as final irreversibke - No fear – they are curious - 5-9 death as final develop - Most children fail to understand the biology of detah - No waking up from sleep - Some chidleren believe death is shadowy figure (devil or ghost) - Little bit of fantasy , figure bring end to life some sort of spirit - 9-10 death is universal and inevitable - Understand processes that go along with death - Realize that person will not return - Also understand process Death in young adulthood - Leading casue of death for youth 15 to 24 - 1. Unintentional injurty usually automobile - 2. Suicide – strong psych component, depression strong role and need to understand mental health issues in young adults, for adolesnces their specific needs are, particualy understating - 3. Cancer - 4..(overall) homicide – leading cause for young black males - Heart resp diseases and congential abnornalities round out - Diagnoses of terminal illness  long and drawn out period of dying bc fewer biological competitors for death bc no other conditions worn out the body Death in middle age - Death becomes more realistic for two reasons - More common for them to pass away - Development of chronic health problem that ult leads to death if not mangae prop - Premature death – death that occurs before 79 - Main casue is hear attack or stroke interruption if brain flow in brain (brain attack) - Death rates on the decline for middle age for those two aforementioned – less smoking - Midlife crisis - May occur in the 40s or 50s - Stems from the realization of impending death - Set of by death of a parent, friend or bodily signs that one is aging like cant run as fast or cant recover as fast - Sometimes abrupt life change are a result of the midlife crises (seen as trying to postpone death) ie feeling younger – regain youth return to behaiours that personify youth – like going out to bars surrounded by younger crowds, spend money on cars look how will I have done, or spend bc only have so much time to live, botox, romantic to younger individuals prove still atteactive Death in old age - Death may be easier in old age - Readiness to die, eldery have seen friends and relative die, have come to terms with issues ass with death such as loss of appearance and failure to meet goals - Typically die of degenerative diseases ie cancer stoke heart failure or physical decline – leads to susceptibility to indectious diseases and organ failure - Greater chance of achieiveing death with dignity bc of preps of death - Older ind meet death with dignity rather then middle age preperations - Wills how to split up, memorabilia or wealth or porp, and how spend time remiaing - Women live linger then men 82 vs 77, Death as a function of gender women live longer then men Life expec by gender, in 1991 74 and 80, rates increase at equal rate so lines not meet Why do men live longer 1. Women are bio more fit - More male then female fetuses (result more males at conception) - More males stillborn/miscarried - More male infants die - Male death rate is higher at all ages of life the female suggesting females more bio fit 2. Men enage in
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