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Jesus Midterm Questions.docx

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Sarah Rollens

Jesus Midterm Questions 1) Jesus of faith verses Jesus of History Jesus of faith comes from the belief that the bible is the infallible word of God. In other words, there are no historical or geographical inconsistencies within the bible. Some of those inconsistencies include geography and the contradicting genealogies of Jesus in Matthew and Luke. The Jesus of faith is theologically loaded, which means that there is greater vested interest in Jesus’ divine nature of the Son of God. It is just assumed that Jesus is divine because the bible is considered to be the infallible world of God. The Jesus of history focuses on establishing true authenticity concerning Jesus’ sayings and teachings. It is not interested in theology; instead it uses the Bible as a historical document to determine how accurate it really is in depicting Jesus’ life. It may also use extracanonical sources to gain insight into the historical Jesus. Claims about the Historical Jesus must be demonstrated by evidence and argument. So if there is something in the bible that has no evidence then it most likely is not authentic. The Jesus of history may also acknowledge that noting is historically certain, rather is probable that the event did occur. 2) Historical context of emergence of Historical Jesus Scholarship The Enlightenment was the beginning of Historical Jesus scholarship. The enlightenment is significant because it emphasizes the importance of rational reasoning and it forced people to think critically of theological texts. Andreas Osiander is also significant for Historical Jesus scholarship. He strived for harmony of the gospel accounts. Example, event occurs multiple times when thought to conflict. However his position was challenged, probably due to the importance of rational reason and the tendency for people to see things more contradictory. Next was the documentary hypothesis. This began with the Hebrew bible and the discovery of a J,P,E,D source. It was not written just by Moses. This made people question whether or not the authors of bible texts are really who we think they are. The next significant event is the Synoptic problem of Matthew, Mark and Luke. It was determined that Matthew, Mark and Luke shared some sources but they also had different sources as they contradicted one another. The goal was to determine what is truly authentic among these three sources. The Protestant Reformation was also a significant event. That is because the Protestant Reformation places emphasis on Sola Scripture (scripture alone). If scripture is emphasized then it must be determined what is authentic. 3) Reimarus, Strauss, Renan, Wrede, Schweitzer pioneers of Historical Jesus scholarship st th Took place in 1 Quest which was the Enlightenment- 20 century Reimarus undertook the first critical reconstruction of Jesus. Emphasized that Jesus taught differently than how he’s presented in Letters. Gospels were influenced by later Apostles. Jesus was seen as a Jewish teacher and God failed to helped him because he was killed (new reconstruction). Strauss had two positions in Historical Jesus Research. The first position was a supernatural view in which one believes in the text. The second position was rationalism in which one tries to retain parts of text that fit into history. In other words, have a critical filter. He was influenced by Hegel’s notion that history becomes more sophisticated. Christianity challenges this notion because it is not sophisticated due to the fact that it has myths. First time that Christianity was seen as a myth. Renan wrote a history of Jesus. He focused on Jesus as a human doing human things. He didn’t see the miracles as authentic. Jesus was considered a tragic play. Wrede calls the earliest story of mark into question. Uses form criticism, deals with Messianic secret. With form criticism, things are more likely to survive if they are easily transferable in oral form. Schweitzer organizes historical Jesus scholarship and he develops his own few of the Historical Jesus as an apocalyptic prophet. He questions the objective nature of the Gospels. 4) Three Quests for Historical Jesus and their major interests The first quest took place from the Enlightenment until roughly the 20 century. It is anti- dogmatic and focuses on rational reason. Remove inconsistency’s and see what remains. Looked at the Synoptic problem and observed the literary relationship, if the texts differ than they can’t always be accurate and they are also not chronological. The Second quest is known as the “new quest.” It focuses on Historical and Tradition criticism and has a new emphasis on Greco-Roman background. Also uses new methods of Biblical studies by not privileging the canon, it looks at other sources such as the dead sea scrolls. The third quest places a new emphasis on Jewish context and the scholarly goal consists of showing that Jesus is Jewish. It uses the Gospels as its historical core and most HJ research was published in 1990’s. 5) Concerns behind Lincoln’s 13 thesis Lincoln’s thesis consists of how to do the study the religion. How to deal with truth claims which are an understanding of a truth not backed up by empirical evidence. Regimes of truth consist of truth within a certain system. Lincoln’s thesis focuses on how to determine truth within religion verses empirical truth, religious truth is not always justified with empirical truth. Need to be objective when dealing with truth claims and regimes of truth. Truth needs to be backed up by empirical evidence and need to be aware that something is only true within a certain system. Need objective critical lens. If you only let the Gospel tell you who Jesus is you cease to function as a historian. Don’t accept insider’s perspective on religious matters (influenced by truth claims/regimes of truth). 6) Nature of Sources for HJ Oral tradition is a major source because
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