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Islam and Christianty notes

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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay

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Religion 100 Test
Christianity and Islam
Christianity
Paul
Identification: 1) Paul was a devoted Jew belonging to the Pharisees sect. 2) He was an
early persecutor of the Jesus movement, but on his way to Damascus he had a vision of
Jesus and he became a supporter of the Jesus movement. 3) Jesus may have been the
founder of Christianity, but Paul is known as the architect.
Significance: 1) He extended Christianity to gentiles. Example, the Jewish communities
that he travelled to were not very receptive of his message about Jesus, so he would go and
preach to the gentiles. 2) He was able to make Jesus appealing to gentiles. He did this by
determining to which extent it is necessary to retain certain observances and practices. For
example, Christians did not need to be circumcised or observe purity laws. 3) He was also
able to attract a lot of gentiles, most of which were Greek speaking and of Greek
background. 4) He established that salvation is not obtained by obeying certain laws, but
rather one can receive salvation through faith in Jesus and the divine grace that comes
through him. 5) The letters that he wrote were the earliest forms of Christian literature
because they were written before the gospels. They had an impact on the early Jesus
movement because they helped Paul more easily preach his message. 6) His voyages that he
took spreading his message allowed for many Christian communities to be established
before his death at age 65. 7) He supported a life centered around life in the spirit rather
than a life in the flesh. A life in the spirit consisted of lasting religious values such as faith,
hope, and love.
Constantine
Identification: 1) It was created in 4CE by the council of Nicaea, and the idea was
proposed by Constantine. 2) The purpose of this creed was to determine the divinity of
Jesus (if he was human, God, or both?). 3) He was a Roman emperor.
Significance: 1) Addressed the issue of the Trinity (3 manifestations of God-father, son,
Holy Spirit). There were various opinions on the topic. The Nestorian churches see the
incarnate Christ as two separate persons, one divine and one human. The Monophysites see
Christ as one person with only a divine nature. Finally, the Greek and Latin churches see
Christ with both a divine and a human nature. 2) It was thought that it would bring unity
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to the early church because an agreement would be reached about the divinity of Christ. 3)
He forever changed Christianity in the world. 4) He removed the persecution policy against
Christians in Rome and in 313 Christians were able to practise their religion legally. 5)
Christianity was becoming more officially recognized as a legitimate religion by
Constantine allowing Christian symbols to appear on Roman currency.
The Great Schism
Identification: 1) In 1054 there was a spilt in the church. The church split into two
sections. The first section is known as the Eastern (Greek Church), and the second section
is known as the Western (Latin Church). 2) The reason for this spilt was that there was
conflict within the church about the authority of the bishops. Not everybody in the church
agreed that the Roman bishop was the most important.
Significance: 1) The spilt shows the conflict that was present within the early church.2)
these institutional differences in the church are still present in todays time. They
influences the way that worship is conducted today. 3) There were disagreements between
the two sects regarding methods of worship and beliefs. The Eastern Church wanted to be
able to practise its culture and language. Also, it was uncomfortable with the alliance
between the Papacy. 4) The Filique controversy was also partly the reason for the spilt. It
was discussed at the council of Chalcedon, which debated about the origins of the Holy
Spirit. Does the Holy spirit just come from God or does it come from God and the Son? 5)
Additionally, the Western church did not favour the use of icons in the Eastern Church.
Summary of Significance- Institutional differences of practices still influences worship
today.
Martin Luther
Identification: 1) He was born in 1483 in Germany. 2) At first he was studying law, but
later he became a monk and studied theology. He got his PhD in theology.
Significance: 1) His significant contribution to Christianity was the Protestant
Reformation. He posted 95 Thesis on the door of the church criticizing the practices of the
church. He believed that the church was corrupt, and he rejected the churches practice of
selling indulgences. It is the belief that salvation can be bought so that a person can be
released from purgatory. 2) He made Christianity a more personable religion. He believed
that normal people should have access to scripture so they can read it for themselves. He
also translated the bible into German. 3) He founded a new branch of Christianity, which is
known as Protestantism. It came to be as a spilt from the Western church. It is still
practiced today, and there are many different denominations of it (Anglican). 4) He came to
the conclusion that there is nothing that anybody can do to find Gods mercy, it is already
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present. Individual deeds are not enough; the only way to the kingdom of God is through
Jesus. Believing in Jesus alone is enough for salvation. 5) He believes in returning to a
simpler form of practice, which centers around Jesus. Believes in Sola scripture- the
insistence of the soul authority of the scripture, rejects churches control of interpretation of
scripture. Also believes in Sola fide- Justification of belief alone, a person only needs faith
in Jesus to achieve salvation.
The Gospels
Identification:1) Means good news. 2) They were written by Mark, Mathew, Luke and
John and they make up the first part of the New Testament. 3) They are the accounts of
Jesus life in the first century. They were collected and translated into Greek. Although, it
was not until the 4th century that the cannon of Mark, Mathew, Luke and John was
established in the bible.
Significance: 1) Contained within them is the basic principles of Christianity. For
example, it explains that one must believe in Jesus in order to enter the Kingdom of Heaven
with God. 2) They are the beginning of the Christian tradition in the New Testament, and
they discuss Jesus birth, death and resurrection. 3) The Gospels also contribute to the
changing relationship that humanity has with God. The relationship goes from one of fear
and obedience in the Old Testament, to one of love and mercy in the New Testament. Like
for example, in the Old Testament God flooded the earth, but in the New Testament Jesus
preaches that he loves us all and that we are all one under him. 4) The Gospels also show
evidence change in practice and in how to please God. In the Old Testament there was a
stress on rituals and work to show your commitment to God. For example, God wanted
Abraham to be circumcised to show his commitment. In the New Testament that changes,
and in the Gospels says that circumcision is no longer a necessary act. There is less
emphasis on pleasing God with ones actions and greater emphasis on pleasing God by faith
alone.
Monasticism
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Description
Religion 100 Test Christianity and Islam Christianity Paul Identification: 1) Paul was a devoted Jew belonging to the Pharisees sect. 2) He was an early persecutor of the Jesus movement, but on his way to Damascus he had a vision of Jesus and he became a supporter of the Jesus movement. 3) Jesus may have been the founder of Christianity, but Paul is known as the architect. Significance: 1) He extended Christianity to gentiles. Example, the Jewish communities that he travelled to were not very receptive of his message about Jesus, so he would go and preach to the gentiles. 2) He was able to make Jesus appealing to gentiles. He did this by determining to which extent it is necessary to retain certain observances and practices. For example, Christians did not need to be circumcised or observe purity laws. 3) He was also able to attract a lot of gentiles, most of which were Greek speaking and of Greek background. 4) He established that salvation is not obtained by obeying certain laws, but rather one can receive salvation through faith in Jesus and the divine grace that comes through him. 5) The letters that he wrote were the earliest forms of Christian literature because they were written before the gospels. They had an impact on the early Jesus movement because they helped Paul more easily preach his message. 6) His voyages that he took spreading his message allowed for many Christian communities to be established before his death at age 65. 7) He supported a life centered around life in the spirit rather than a life in the flesh. A life in the spirit consisted of lasting religious values such as faith, hope, and love. Constantine Identification: 1) It was created in 4CE by the council of Nicaea, and the idea was proposed by Constantine. 2) The purpose of this creed was to determine the divinity of Jesus (if he was human, God, or both?). 3) He was a Roman emperor. Significance: 1) Addressed the issue of the Trinity (3 manifestations of God-father, son, Holy Spirit). There were various opinions on the topic. The Nestorian churches see the incarnate Christ as two separate persons, one divine and one human. The Monophysites see Christ as one person with only a divine nature. Finally, the Greek and Latin churches see Christ with both a divine and a human nature. 2) It was thought that it would bring unity www.notesolution.com
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