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Final

RLG100Y1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Jnana Yoga


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay
Study Guide
Final

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RLG Exam Review – Terms
Western Religions
Prophecy
Concept of prophecy shows God is devoted to guiding for the good of humanity
Revelation: prophets are considered to voice the literal words of God and are
subsequently collected into scripture to be the revealed texts of tradition and are
held to be sacred; God reveals moral beliefs
Monotheism
Christianity, Islam & Judaism:
All are messianic tradition: concepts of messiah figure
Monotheistic traditions
Super cosmic being who transcends the universe and exists outside space and time
Supreme being is all mighty, possessing infinite power to as being omniscient
Conjecture that human beings are made in the image of this being who is
benevolently disposed to the world, interested in the welfare of human beings
All traditions assert there is some kind of being called God that exists
Emphasize only one god exists (monotheism)
Jewish and Muslim traditions of God is one transcendent
God created the universe within a particular span of time and from the sheer force
of imagination and will; creation being the handy work of good is not
involuntarily indifferent to good creation; cosmoses was created by God to be
good
God author of time, set in motion the passage of time when he created the
universe
Judaism
Covenant
God decides to enter into a covenant (enter into contractual, legally binding
relationship where each side has certain obligations to fulfill) with Abraham
God will keep Abrahams family in his favor, however Abraham and his
descendants are obligated with their commitments to venerate with only one God,
follow his directives
Abrahams devotion to this relationship is to be valued through circumcision 
religious bond established between God and descendants of Abraham (covenant
bond)
History interpreted as revealing how well Abrahams people have done in holding
up their side of that covenant
God punished Israelis when they do not obey him, God blesses when things go
right
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God had to choose a people in order to set example for the relationship b/w
humanity and God
Abraham is paradigm for what should be humanity’s way of engaging with God,
complete and utter obedience, faith, confidence in his judgment
Diaspora
Hebrew Bible
Major source about evolution of theology/faith is set of scripturesHebrew Bible”
Hebrew Bible core of Jewish faith set of 24 books articulate most important
teachings of tradition, e.g. ten commandments, ethical teachings, establishes ritual
events guiding lives of community, primary record of Jewish history
Hebrew Bible written by Moses, not historically verifiable
Books of bible likely transmitted orally before committed to writing
Bible contains 2 sections:
-Torah (‘the teaching’), also known as ‘penta teuch’ – 5 scrolls, e.g. Adam &
Eve, introduced Moses, directives on correct ritual
-Nevi’im Prophets who appear in throughout in history, God embarks messages
upon individuals for them to speak on his behalf
-Kethuvim material of literally or imaginative/creative nature, e.g. short
stories, reflections of life, hymns
Three sections are called Tanakh, acronym made by first syllable of 3 sections
Book 2 of Genesis: vegetation emergences; plants garden in Eden, populated with
animals and occupied by Adam (created from dust on the ground)
God took rib from Adam when he was eating to form Eve to given Adam a
companion
Woman – “this at last is bones of my bones and flesh of my flesh, this shall be
called woman because she is taken out of man”
Critical studies of Bible tells us Hebrew Bible contains narration of several
authors, contributing their accounts and complied together, however now
understanding is each version of story reflect perspective of authors
Babylonian Exile
Leadership of Jewish community is exiled to Babylon (586 BCE) period of
Babylonian exile
Babylonian exile lasts 75 years, at point at which leadership is sentenced to exile,
they despair of ever seeing holy land
Being to question commitment of God
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Reflect on sins they have committed in order to be exiled from their home, away
from temple, manner of worship evolution of institution of Synagogue
(gathering of community) new way of practicing tradition, ritual sacrifice
The Second Empire
Haggadah/Halakhah
Torah
Book of Genesis (1st book): first 12 chapters discuss the primary history of universe, first
book of 5 books of Torah
Chapter 1: creates heaven and earth
1st day: Differentiates light from darkness
2nd day: creates heaven and earth
3rd day: separates earth from ocean
6th day: creation of humanity, male and female
7th day: God rests, ‘Sabbath,’ setting pattern for weekly day of rest for Jews; from
Friday sundown to sundown of Saturday
Tanakh
The Torah (‘the teaching’), Nevi’im and Kethuvim sections of the Hebrew Bible are
called Tanakh, acronym made by first syllable of 3 sections.
Mishnah
Set of texts: Mishnah: extending from Moses, composed in Hebrew and covers all
various dimensions of Jewish life both religious and secular, divided into 6
sections concerned with all elements of Jewish life (festivals, fasts, prayers, right
of poor, family law (marriage & divorce)), body of law drawn from oral tradition
complied by rabbis in early periods after fall of 2nd temple
Synagogue
Rabbinic Judaism
Chief custodians of Jewish heritage become pharoses who eventually develop into
rabbis of Jewish community – rabbinic Judaism
Rabbi
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