Study Guides (238,613)
Canada (115,253)
Sociology (650)
SOC101Y1 (208)

SOC100 Test 1 notes.docx

7 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Robert Brym

SOC101 Test 1 – Notes Chapter 1 Glossary Words ALTURISTIC SUICIDE – Durkheim says that it occurs in settings that show high levels of social solidarity and that have norms that strictly govern behaviour – devotion to the interests of others – individuals act more for group interest (soldiers) ANOMIC SUICIDE – Durkheim says that anomic suicide occurs in settings that show low levels of social solidarity and that have norms that vaguely define how people should behave EGOISTIC SUICIDE – results from a lack of integration of the individual into society because of weak social ties to others CONFLICT THEORY – Macrolevel structures – such as relations among classes – shows how major patterns of inequality can either produce social stability in some situations and can create social change in other situations – members of privileged groups try to maintain their advantages – subordinate groups struggle to increase their advantages – suggestion that elimination privilege will lower the level of conflict and increase the sum total of human welfare DEMOCRATIC REVOLUTION – 1750 – people are responsible for organizing society and can therefore solve social problems DYSFUNCTIONAL CONSEQUENCES – effects of social structures that create social instability ETHNOMETHODOLOGY – the study of how people make sense of what others do and say in terms of norms that exist independently of individual social actors FEMINIST THEORY – patriarchy is as important as class inequality in determining a person’s opportunities in life – male domination and female subordination are determined by structures of power and social convention – operation of patriarchy in micro and macro settings – contends that patterns of gender inequality can and should be changed FUNCTIONALIST THEORY – human behaviour is governed by relatively stable social structures – social structures maintain or undermine social stability – social structures based on mainly shared values – re-establishing equilibrium can best solve most social problems GLOBAL STRUCTURES – social relations that lie outside and above the national level – international organizations – patterns of worldwide travel and communication – economic relations between and among countries GLOBALIZATION – process by which formerly separate economies, states and cultures are becoming tied together and people are becoming more aware of their growing interdependence – (dependence on each other) INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION – 1780 – economic transformation – formation of a working class LATENT FUNCTIONS – invisible and unintended effects of social structures MACROSTRUCTURES – predominant patterns of social relations which are outside and above one’s circle of intimates and acquaintances – classes, bureaucracies and power systems – ie patriarchy MANIFEST FUNCTIONS – visible and intended effects of social structures MICROSTRUCTURES – patterns of relatively intimate social relations formed during face-to- face interaction – families, friends, work associations PATRIARCHY – traditional system of economic and political inequality between women and men POSTINDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION – technology-driven shift from manufacturing to service industries – consequences of that shift for virtually all human activities PROTESTANT ETHIC – protestant belief that religious doubts can be reduced and a state of grace ensure if people work diligently and live plainly – Weber = the protestant ethic had an unintended effect of increasing savings and investment and thus stimulating capitalist growth SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION – 1550 - sound conclusions about how society functions must be based on solid evidence and not just speculation SOCIAL SOLIDARITY – refers to the degree to which group members share beliefs and values AND the intensity and frequency of their interaction SOCIAL STRUCTURES – relatively stable pattern of social relations SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION – quality of mind that allows a person to see the connection between personal troubles and social structures SOCIOLOGY – is the systematic study of human behaviour in social context SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONALISM – focuses on face-to-face interaction in microlevel social settings – states that we must have an understanding of the subjective (personal) meanings people attach to their social circumstances in order to be able to explain social behaviour – people help create and do not only react to their social circumstances – symbolic internationalism validates unpopular and non-official viewpoints by underscoring the subjective meanings people create THEORY – tentative explanation of some aspect of social life that states how and why certain facts are related VALUES – ideas about what is right and wrong Chapter 1 Notes - Émile Durkheim (pioneer of sociology) – non-social and antisocial actions are influenced by social structures – social solidarity affects suicide rates – as the level of social solidarity increases, the suicide rate declines – beyond a certain point, it starts to rise – thus anomic (low social solidarity – without order/norms), egoistic (lack of integration and ties) and altruistic (for the group) types of suicide - Paradigm Main Level of Main Focus Main Question Image of Ideal Analysis Society Functionalism Macro Values How do the A state of institutions of equilibrium society contribute to social stability? Conflict Theory Macro Class How do The elimination inequality privileged of privilege – groups seek to especially class maintain their advantages and subordinate groups seek to increase theirs, often causing social change in the process? Symbolic Micro Meaning How do Respect for the Internationalis individuals validity of m communicate so minority views as to make their social settings meaningful? Feminism Micro + Macro Patriarchy Which social The elimination structures and of gender interaction inequality processes maintain male dominance and female subordination? - S.D. Clark – Canadian social development as a process of disorganization and reorganization on a series of economic frontiers – functionalism – society re-establishes e
More Less

Related notes for SOC101Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.