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Irving Zeitlin

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Weber greatest social scientist of 20th century verstehen
Positivism means a positivist use same method for physical science as for human beings
also empiricist not always
Weber antithesis pf positivitsm we need distinct method for study of human beings
Versten and sociomodel versteve means understanding and sociology means interpretive
All historicalsciences historical interpretion method such as black holes interpret
Stidy planets or the stars not concerns with subjective states no subjective states but
human beings and relns need to concern with subjective states, meaning motives
Highly positicst behavior school of psychology behavourism refuse to talk about mind body
consciousness and goals rather talk about ghosts
Billard balls causes of movement external humans predominately internal and subjective in
the form of motivations goals and aspirations here because of aspirations
Speak of goals and motives are casues of are actions here pulled by the future
Follows from that not only goals casues but have definite consequences discusees
epistemology famous empoircits hume and tran to kant objects are of thought nor self
concept and mind they are all objects of thought not physical or ontological existence but
neverless they are real, test it someone says something and it hurts offensice self concept
Weber study of prot ethic and capital is bases of versterhen earliest capitalist indust and
entrep were predom protestants asthetic, deny themselves certain pleasures for higher
moral purpose ghandi not eating making a point, refers to asthetic form of pro, not
hedonistic is one who pursues pleasure, peasure is part of being happy pleasure alone fill a
sieve, understand why they were asthtic and motivted by asthitc relreligioustives apply a
historical interpret method weer advocated to origins of pro reform of martin luthrt and
Prot reformatiom. Before luther 16th, dom form of Christianity was catholic menaing
universal it aspired to be, weber works compatable with marx and not a repudiation, nor
idealistic repuditaon of marx materialism, quote from marx preface, prot began martin
luther triggeed crisis was visit to rome, pope, saw rome corruption, simony which bishop
would buy positions and not buy they would assassinate the incumbent to take over,
addition sale of indulgences, agent of church tissel Europe sell indulgences which was paper
u payed for and well to do stated u would avoid purgatory and damnation, sale of relics of
all kinds, pices of original cross, casts, not the worse main reason really was theological
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critique of Catholicism he believced person no indi reln bc relationship ws never personal
always medited by heirechary no catholic ind communicate with god
Decided to do something fund to make personal reln with god, so what did he do he
translated bible to german what was the language of the liturgy is was latin, on;y
schoolmen or scholars undertood people were illiterate, believed original revaltion then
written and moral tradition and part od authority of church hard job
What good will that do if people were illetarte, they could hear it a literate could read it,
they invented Sunday school, in protestant, prayer as well as a discussion and would
participate consequence first time hear it
One more thing about the time, most literate the Gutenberg printing press, copies of bible
published, eventually in due course in protestant tradiotion literacy was essential had to
read bible
From weber view, talk about prot ethic not mean luther bc he was trqaditonal and more
conservative then catholic when it came to commerce he was middleages, he did one thing
in translation weber says that was fund elemt of what he calls prot ethic, luther translation,
all german nouns uppercase, Beruf translation is calling, has moral element to it, whether
moses or jesus, apostolic, appointed disciples,
Other founder of reformation was john clavin, calvin agreed with luther, ex of calling the 1st
time weber agures in European language work not labour, acquired moral significance not
just doing a job, luther invented the work ethic how did he justify it, the disciples peter and
Andrew were fisherman, paul tent maker, jesus a tekton translator to carpenter or mason,
learned trade from father, did god work he created world in 6 days on 7th rested the sabath,
leaders exploiting labour not interested in rest one day a week moral sig was given to work.
Calvin most famous for doctrine pf predestination, long before came into world, god had
determined our destiny, every tholgigan heaven hell judgment day, why dream up so painful
doctrine already ,made up why try cant know that would be pagan, maybe fighting deadly
sin of pride, get rid of prideful interpretation of own life
Point wber speaks ofprot ethic not refer to luther or calvin, referin to post calvin sects who
lived 3 or more after calvin, who identify as puritan, menontites, quakers, and Methodists,
they were asthtic, post Calvinists sect were esthetic,
Bring to ben franklin son of stern clavinists, famous for. Penny saved penny earned, early
industrialist were asthtic we, suit all year, lived frugally church was just wood and profit
and put into means of production, be a capitalist need capital need capital not money but
employ people earn ennies put into means of pro dynamic quality to early capitlalist, not
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