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SOC101Y1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Wage Labour, Gerhard Lenski, Status Attainment

Course Code
Sheldon Ungar
Study Guide

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New Society (1, 6, 8, 9, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20)
Society in Question (21, 22)
SLDI (3, 5)

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New Society: Chapter 1
Introducing Sociology
The Sociological Explanation of Suicide
Emilie Durkheim (French sociologist) suicide is more than an individual act of desperation resulting
from psychological disorder, suicide rates are strongly influenced by social forces
oExamined association between rates of suicide and rates of psychological disorder in different
More women than men in insane asylums, more male suicide women involved more in
social relations or family life
Jews highest rate of psychological disorder, lowest suicide rate persecution has formed
them into a tightly bonded group
Suicides occur more frequently in older people more likely to be living alone
Married adults half as likely than unmarried adults to commit suicide marriage creates
social ties and moral cement
oSuicide rates and rates of psychological disorder did not vary proportionately
oRates vary because of differences in degree of social solidarity the more a groups member share
beliefs and values, the more social solidarity there is in the group
oAs the level of social solidarity increases, the suicide rate declines. Then, beyond a certain point it
starts to rise
1.Altruistic suicide occur in high solidarity settings, occurs when norms tightly govern
behaviour so individual actions are usually in group interest
2.Egoistic suicide lack of integration of the individual into society because of weak
social ties
3.Anomic suicide norms governing behaviour are vaguely defined
oA persons likelihood of committing suicide decreases with the degree to which he or she is
anchored in society
Suicide in Canada today:

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oDifference between Durkheims France and contemporary Canada youth suicide used to be
extremely rare and suicide among working age people was uncommon
oRates do not increase steadily with age in Canada
Highest among people over the age of 84
oShared moral principles and strong social ties have decreased since 1960s for canadas youth
Religious group attendance decreased
Unemployment higher
Rate of divorce increased
oLevel of social solidarity is now lower than it was a few decades ago for young people
Less firmly rooted in society
Less likely to share moral standards
More likely to take their own lives
Social Structures
Patterns of social relations affect your thoughts, feelings, actions and who you are
Social structures relatively stable patterns of social relations
Sociologists main task identify and explain the connection between peoples personal troubles and the
social structures in which people are embedded
3 levels of social structure:
oThe patterns of relatively intimate social relations formed during face to face interaction.
oFamilies, friendship circles, and work associations are all microstructures
oThe people you know well are likely to know many of the same people
oOverarching patterns of social relations that lie outside and above ones circle of intimates
and acquaintances
oInclude classes, bureaucracies, power systems, such as patriarchy (the traditional system
of economic and political inequality between women and men in most societies
3.Global Structures
oPatterns of social relations that lie outside and above the national level
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