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Final

SOC101Y1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Wage Labour, Gerhard Lenski, Status Attainment

82 Pages
1572 Views
Winter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Sheldon Ungar
Study Guide
Final

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SOC101 FINAL EXAM NOTES
New Society (1, 6, 8, 9, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20)
Society in Question (21, 22)
SLDI (3, 5)
1
www.notesolution.com
New Society: Chapter 1
Introducing Sociology
The Sociological Explanation of Suicide
Emilie Durkheim (French sociologist) suicide is more than an individual act of desperation resulting
from psychological disorder, suicide rates are strongly influenced by social forces
oExamined association between rates of suicide and rates of psychological disorder in different
groups:
More women than men in insane asylums, more male suicide women involved more in
social relations or family life
Jews highest rate of psychological disorder, lowest suicide rate persecution has formed
them into a tightly bonded group
Suicides occur more frequently in older people more likely to be living alone
Married adults half as likely than unmarried adults to commit suicide marriage creates
social ties and moral cement
oSuicide rates and rates of psychological disorder did not vary proportionately
oRates vary because of differences in degree of social solidarity the more a groups member share
beliefs and values, the more social solidarity there is in the group
oAs the level of social solidarity increases, the suicide rate declines. Then, beyond a certain point it
starts to rise
1.Altruistic suicide occur in high solidarity settings, occurs when norms tightly govern
behaviour so individual actions are usually in group interest
2.Egoistic suicide lack of integration of the individual into society because of weak
social ties
3.Anomic suicide norms governing behaviour are vaguely defined
oA persons likelihood of committing suicide decreases with the degree to which he or she is
anchored in society
Suicide in Canada today:
2
www.notesolution.com
oDifference between Durkheims France and contemporary Canada youth suicide used to be
extremely rare and suicide among working age people was uncommon
oRates do not increase steadily with age in Canada
Highest among people over the age of 84
oShared moral principles and strong social ties have decreased since 1960s for canadas youth
Religious group attendance decreased
Unemployment higher
Rate of divorce increased
oLevel of social solidarity is now lower than it was a few decades ago for young people
Less firmly rooted in society
Less likely to share moral standards
More likely to take their own lives
Social Structures
Patterns of social relations affect your thoughts, feelings, actions and who you are
Social structures relatively stable patterns of social relations
Sociologists main task identify and explain the connection between peoples personal troubles and the
social structures in which people are embedded
3 levels of social structure:
1.Microstructures
oThe patterns of relatively intimate social relations formed during face to face interaction.
oFamilies, friendship circles, and work associations are all microstructures
oThe people you know well are likely to know many of the same people
2.Macrostructures
oOverarching patterns of social relations that lie outside and above ones circle of intimates
and acquaintances
oInclude classes, bureaucracies, power systems, such as patriarchy (the traditional system
of economic and political inequality between women and men in most societies
3.Global Structures
oPatterns of social relations that lie outside and above the national level
3
www.notesolution.com

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Description
SOC101 FINAL EXAM NOTES New Society (1, 6, 8, 9, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20) Society in Question (21, 22) SLDI (3, 5) 1 www.notesolution.com New Society: Chapter 1 Introducing Sociology The Sociological Explanation of Suicide Emilie Durkheim (French sociologist) suicide is more than an individual act of desperation resulting from psychological disorder, suicide rates are strongly influenced by social forces o Examined association between rates of suicide and rates of psychological disorder in different groups: More women than men in insane asylums, more male suicide women involved more in social relations or family life Jews highest rate of psychological disorder, lowest suicide rate persecution has formed them into a tightly bonded group Suicides occur more frequently in older people more likely to be living alone Married adults half as likely than unmarried adults to commit suicide marriage creates social ties and moral cement o Suicide rates and rates of psychological disorder did not vary proportionately o Rates vary because of differences in degree of social solidarity the more a groups member share beliefs and values, the more social solidarity there is in the group o As the level of social solidarity increases, the suicide rate declines. Then, beyond a certain point it starts to rise 1. Altruistic suicide occur in high solidarity settings, occurs when norms tightly govern behaviour so individual actions are usually in group interest 2. Egoistic suicide lack of integration of the individual into society because of weak social ties 3. Anomic suicide norms governing behaviour are vaguely defined o A persons likelihood of committing suicide decreases with the degree to which he or she is anchored in society Suicide in Canada today: 2 www.notesolution.com o Difference between Durkheims France and contemporary Canada youth suicide used to be extremely rare and suicide among working age people was uncommon o Rates do not increase steadily with age in Canada Highest among people over the age of 84 o Shared moral principles and strong social ties have decreased since 1960s for canadas youth Religious group attendance decreased Unemployment higher Rate of divorce increased o Level of social solidarity is now lower than it was a few decades ago for young people Less firmly rooted in society Less likely to share moral standards More likely to take their own lives Social Structures Patterns of social relations affect your thoughts, feelings, actions and who you are Social structures relatively stable patterns of social relations Sociologists main task identify and explain the connection between peoples personal troubles and the social structures in which people are embedded 3 levels of social structure: 1. Microstructures o The patterns of relatively intimate social relations formed during face to face interaction. o Families, friendship circles, and work associations are all microstructures o The people you know well are likely to know many of the same people 2. Macrostructures o Overarching patterns of social relations that lie outside and above ones circle of intimates and acquaintances o Include classes, bureaucracies, power systems, such as patriarchy (the traditional system of economic and political inequality between women and men in most societies 3. Global Structures o Patterns of social relations that lie outside and above the national level 3 www.notesolution.com
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