Vocabulary in all topics.

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Adam Green

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Topic 1 J Introduction to Sociology J (Week 1 Lecture; SQ chp1-3; NS chp 1) SQ chp 1-3: Credentialism: a primary reliance on credentials for screening purpose of conferring jobs or social status; Methodology for Canadian Sociology: Quantitative: collect information using surveys and other techniques that allow sociologists to turn }o[Z]ZL ]}LZ]L}LKZZ LLoZ]Z] oo8 Historical-Comparative: collect information from historical materials (archival records, diaries, newspapers, secondary historical accounts, etc.), often comparing two or more places or periods to identify key sociological differences. Interpretive: observe people in natural social settings to gauge the meanings people attach to various aspects of social life. NS chp 1: Sociology: the systematic study of human behavior in social context; Social solidarity: a. the degree to which group members share beliefs and values; b. the intensity and frequency of their interaction; Altruistic suicide: occurs in settings that exhibit high levels of socials solidarity; results from norms very tightly governing behavior. Anomic suicide: occurs in settings that exhibit low levels of social solidarity; results from vaguely defined norms governing behavior. Social structure: relatively stable patterns of social relations; Microstructure: relatively intimate social relations formed during face-to-face interaction (e.g.Families, friendship circles, work associations.) Macrostructure: } Z]L2LZ}Z} ]oo]}LZZo]}Z]L}}L[Z ] o}]L]KZ and acquaintances, e.g. classes, bureaucracies, and power systems such as patriarchy. Patriarchy: male-dominance; the traditional system of economic and political inequality between women and men; Global structures: patterns of social relations that lie outside and above the national level: (e.g. international organizations, patterns of worldwide travel and communication, and the economic relations between and among countries.) Sociological imagination: the quality of mind that enables a person to see the connection between personal troubles and social structures. Scientific revolution: it encouraged the view that sound conclusions about the workings of society must be based on solid evidence, not just speculation. Democratic revolution: it suggested that people are responsible for organizing society and that human intervention can therefore solve social problems; Industrial revolution: rapid economic transformation (1780s) that involved the large-scale application of science and technology to industrial processes, the creation of factories, and the formation of a working class. www.notesolution.comTheory: a tentative explanation of some aspect of social life that states how and why certain facts are related; Research: the process of carefully observing social reality to assess the validity of a theory; Values: ideas about what is right and wrong, good and bad. Functionalism: a theoretical tradition that focuses on social structures bringing equilibrium and stability; Dysfunctional consequences: effects of social structures that create social instability; Manifest functions: visible and intended effects of social structures (e.g. school as in transmitting knowledge); Latent functions: invisible and unintended effects of social structures; ~:2:Z Z}}oZ]Lo}]L2}Z o }Lo] ]L2]ZL[Zo8 Conflict theory: a theoretical tradition that focuses on classes conflicts; Protestant ethic: the Protestant belief originating in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that religious doubts can be reduced, and a state of grace ensured, if people work diligently and live ascetically. Symbolic interactionism: KZ] ooLZL]L2}o[ZK}]ZLZKL]L2ZZ Z} things to gain a clear sense of the significance of their actions; Feminist Theory: a theoretical tradition saying that the inequalities of patriarchy can and should be changed for the benefit of the entire society; Postindustrial Revolution: the technology J driven shift from manufacturing to service industries and the consequences of that shift for virtually all human activities. Ethno methodology: the study of how people make sense of what others do and say in terms of norms that exist independently of individual social actors; Addition vocabs from Week 1 Lecture Interaction: face to face communication among people who act and react with each other; Interaction Order: a system of face to face relations organized by status; Status: a recognized position in a social interaction; (e.g. students & Professors); Emotion Management: Z]o]}K}]LZZZ}L[Z}LK}]}LZLZZ]}LZ; Emotion Labor: ZK}]}LKL2KLZ}L}ZZ}}L[ZE}L}Z] Z}L]Z]: Status Shield: social status that protects its owner from the emotions or actions of another; www.notesolution.com
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