SOC of everyday life full studynotes.docx

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Vanina Leschziner

Sociology of Everyday Life Study NotesthJanuary 12 Lecture class focuses on micro factors rather than macro factorsexamines the connections between the individual and societylooks at triad duo groupings looks at what meanings do we give to our actions look at mental life and look at social factors that shape these factors focus more on those social factorshow do we develop our SELF IMAGE through interactions with otherswe will look at a lot of things that will suggest there is a social orderlooking at meanings ie cultures individual experiencesTIME why is that we organize a different mentality around MONFRI and than SATSUN Because there is a certain routine more pressures MONFRI and we follow othersClassifications of Plants and Animals why are they classified the way they aretheory based class and take the conceptual and analytical arguments from the textneed to do a research paperintersection between social forms of perception and taking for granted normWhy is it that we act so differently in rockpop concerts versus opera in opera you pay more therefore you want to listen tentatively and this level of sophisticationFOR NEXT WEEKS READINGS Social organizations facts Totemism individual to society relationship thJanuary 19 Lecture Emile Durkheim 18581917 For Marx how do we produce our substances From this comes the bourgeois and proletarian and then the unequal distribution of goods and services For Weber this connection between the individual and society comes from ideas and the thoughts about them and its not just materialistic needscapitalism and religious beliefs will have an effect on larger scale institutionsDivision of Labor in Society 1893For Durkheim this connection comes from collective consciousness and ideas values and beliefs everyone shares society is like a living body and if one part breaks down it all breaks down Wanted to find the connection between the individual and society and he found that people wanted to maintain an order categories shape our ideas ie what is inside our minds and our behaviors wanted to study the different functions of societycollective consciousnessbrains in our body society is generated for a collective consciousness and a reality that is above and beyondDurkheim says we have 2 parts individual and collective consciousness ie being aware of what your doingSociety is very real and they collective consciousness is real and shared with big groups of people and lasted for a long timein what societies is the collective consciousness most important In a very traditional society or societies where people are more similarin previous societies without the division of labor people had the same functions and no one specialized and in this regard the collective consciousness played a very important roleThe part in our minds of our collective consciousness is most great Durkheim talks about organic vs mechanical solidaritywhy was it called mechanical solidarity People were more linked and connected to each other and they were more collective Organic solidarity is when we work with each other and for someone else not just linked to society tie both to laborBIGGER THE CONSIOUSNESS THE BIGGER THE SOLIDARITY Mechanical solidarity ie people are so similar to each other shared and collective used in traditional societiesbigger collective consciousness Organic Solidarity ie collective contributing to the whole little individualitybigger individual consciousness MECH ORG Lots of solidarity to little solidarity will always be presentCan we have both mechanical and organic solidarity NO in Durkheims writings because in societies you can move from one to another but you cannot have both What did Durkheim talk about CRIME Crime happened in societies were social solidarity was low because people did not have a strong social consciousness A crime isnt bad it is just when people dont agree with the norms and going against the collective consciousness ANOMIE there are norms set in place and people get used to this and once they start changing people start to break out and this is when the norms are not being upheld strongly enoughAssociated with normlessness confusion over action that is appropriate due to rapid change either societal or individual change because a weakening of restraints leads to higher hopes and thus greater disappointments when there is to much change they loss there sense of self direction ie rapid downward or rapid upward Gap between what people want and there actual rewards What should you do when a crime happens People should be punished Repress them and protect those core ideas and punish themhe said certain crimes were to be addressed with certain kind of laws that were more oppressive than others Elementary Forms of Religious Life 1912 worshiping god worshipping societyruleauthoritystrength why is this the same Essentially Durkheim is arguing that there is a parallel between our relationship between god and societythink about how we feel in the face of society Ie powerless needy we feel the same way towards godSociety has rules society makes it so we cannot disagree we must submit to their rules even though they may be contradictory to our values and if we DONT we might be in trouble because we cannot survive or thrown into prisonSociety has moral authority we must set aside our own desires in order to conform and defer to what society demands of us society sees bigger then ourselvesSociety has strength ie being part of a political group so much emotion we common with society like you would with god feel a strength bigger then ourselves TOTEMISM simplest form of religionit represents god and societyrepresents a physical form of societyrituals maintain sacredness sacred and profane are the basic categories of every religion and they are found everywhereSacred anythingspirtsspecial animals seen to have special powers that cause them to be treated with respect ie power is shown through ritual Profane consists of the rest of the world treated as a matter of fact sort of waythings we put prohibitions towards ie saying pork is seen as dirty
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