SMC229H1 - Study Notes.docx

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Department
St. Michael's College Courses
Course
SMC229H1
Professor
Jenna Sunkenberg
Semester
Winter

Description
SMC229H1 STUDY NOTESINTRODUCTIONFriday January 10 2014 IntroductionBook to get History of Reading by Alberto Manguel Homage to ProteusManguel claims that fictional realties help us reflect on the concrete world to help us understand ourselves in new ways Identities are fluid in constant flux consists of all the shapes shift that we undergo we are constantly changing and so our identity includes all these changesCould have multiple identitiesCannot be categorized into one identity We live our lives in narratives in stock characters and because of this we may not be perceiving the whole storyPart of our human nature is to have a fluid sense of self to have no doubt confusion or suspicion of oneself The faces we dream about and read about end up being real we end up striving to become themWhat we read emulates an aspect of ourselvesGiving us autonomy we can critique the worlds we read discovering how we relate to itBOOKS AND READERS IN EARLY MODERN ENGLANDThe two main ways in which we think of booksas material objects and as systemsEarly modern books seem to have been more dynamic and fluid less dogmatic and authoritarian than some modern stereotypes would imply Recovering the bibliographic narratives attached to early modern books helps us extricate them from disciplinary narratives that have dominated their interpretationThe field encompasses questions about the production circulation and consumption of texts which are now central for bibliographic literary and historical research There is a widening of focus in the assessment of textual sources to include not only intrinsic content and structures but also extrinsic patterns of evidence At the heart of the junctures of bibliography literature and history in early modern England are overlapping definitions of textThe full gamut of printed sources as well as circulating manuscripts rumor and public performance of a variety of types in reconstructing events and the manners in which they were retold and interpreted in early modern England At the same time as we see a broadening of the kinds of media consideredrelevant to interpreting historical meaning and the kinds of meaning thought to be found in such texts we also see a narrowing of the chronological and geographical scope of book history studies The bibliographical format the complex alliances their production presupposed their circulation and their receptionall this social and bibliographical evidence signifies a texts predicament in its contemporary literary field Recent studies on the history of reading are inclined to construct a comprehensive vision through constant exchanges between micro and macrohistory and between closeups and extreme long shots They regard historical process through apparent exceptions and heterogeneous cases A closeup look permits us to grasp what eludes a comprehensive viewing and vice versaThe sum of such moments is consequential for broader perspective of historical trendsRogers Chartierprint culture spreads and literacy increases modes of reading become more various and distinct once the book became a more common object and less distinctive by its merely being possessed the manners of reading took over the task of showing the variations of making manifest differences in the social hierarchySOCIAL CONTEXTS FOR WRITINGThe knowledge of particular extrinsic historical circumstances and contexts is necessary to understand fully the intrinsic features of early modern texts The functioning of early modern books is thus shown to rest on structures of trust and credibility that lie outside the author Scholars increasingly realize that it is incorrect to speak of a sudden transition from aural to visual from oral to literate culture Hearing and seeing were not mutually exclusive modes of perception and there were ways of getting around the obstacle of literacy Early modern writers show signs of anxiety or unease about moving from oral to printed communication and hence even their printed texts bear a distinctive relation of dependence on the validation of direct speech and the fiction of a speaking presence behind the textTo the charge of illegality publishers and printers did not need an authors permission to print a text to obtain legal right to copy they merely had to enter it in the Stationers Register thPrinters use of Shakespeares name as a marketing strategy in the 17 century points to a growing literary reputation and commercial cachetThe reorganization of meaning in each separate temporal appearance of the medieval and early modern bible reconstitutes the text and reinterprets its meaning The printed book has more continuity with its preprint counterparts than the rhetoric of a print revolution admitsThe renaissance did not invent books but only printed books and in many ways the characteristics of those printed books and the fact that there was a market for them at all are properly seen as the realization of trends that had thbeen developing since the 13 century than as a radical departure from themThe invention of printing less as a displacement of manuscript culture than as the culmination of the invention of the navigable bookChristians embraced the codex form whose property was to permit discontinuous reading In a medieval context the selective reading of the bible was governed primarily by liturgical yearCan tell us how people perceived the threat of sectarianism how they sought to define orthodoxy and that the wide dissemination of such notions through print had a real impact on how that world was experienced and understood Early modern writers were keenly aware of the social nature of their texts whether that meant that they were given voice in the mouths of players worshippers preachers or polemicists TRACES OF READING MARGINES LIBRARIES PREFACES AND BINDINGEvidence about reader responses is essential to demonstrate the part that reception plays in the creation of textual meaning
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