Study Guides (258,620)
CA (124,962)
UVic (410)
ES (8)
ES 301 (4)
Midterm

ES 301 Midterm: ES 301 - Midterm 2
Premium

3 Pages
95 Views

Department
Environmental Studies
Course Code
ES 301
Professor
Anita Girvan

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
MIDTERM 2 TERMS
Deep reciprocity Dancing the World into Being: A Conersation ith Idle No More’s Leanne
Simpson (Klein, 2013). Definition: The opposite extractivism a way of taking responsibility for
the impacts of the resource extraction. Deep reciprocity is a way of building respect and
relationships with the people who inhabit the lands being extracted. Political Ecology: Deep
reciprocity is needed in every conversation regarding the extraction of natural resources. Again,
W2WC demonstrated that this give and take relationship is vital for different societies to see
ee to ee. Pizago ished for Perus goeret to sit ad disuss the laws with him first to
create a reciprocal relationship where the Amazon people do not carry all the burden and the
government receives all the gains. Loke desries a state of ature, aeria as a astelad
I Lokes ees, it as ot deeloped and was not being used.
The Great Transformation: The Great Transformation (Polanyi, 1944). Definition: The great
transformation refers to the transformation of European civilization from preindustrial to
industrialization. Along with this change in the economy, were changes in socio-economic
policies and ideologies. Before industrialization, people would usually take only what they
needed to survive produce the food they needed, trade the surplus for goods they required.
After industrialization, many people had motives for gain, regardless of the hurt it inflicted on
other people or the environment. Political Ecology: The pre-industrial society was dependent
o reiproit ad redistriutio, setr ad etriit; o otie for gai, householdig
for individual/ nuclear-family. Conversely the market society had motives of gain, to get ahead
and try to amass as much money as possible. In the same way with resource extraction, there is
a race to amass as much petroleum, as much water, as much land as can be privatized (Klein).
Enclosures & conversions: The Great Transformation (Polanyi, 1944) chapter 3. Definition:
Enclosures and conversions refer to common land that was converted to private land. Tenants
(under a landlord) could make their living off the lad ee though the didt o it. No eed
for money if family was fed. However, wool industry became more profitable farmers kicked
off land so it could be converted to pastures. Farmers were forced into the industrial workforce.
Political Ecology: In the factories, there was no relationship between employer and employee
(unlike landlord and tenant who knew one another). This made it much easier to exploit
workers gaining surplus labour so employers would profit more. People began to try and
accumulate as much as they could. POWER IMBALANCE. Poor man should be satisfied with
habitation; living. Rich man should experience improvement. Enclosures not always bad, but
the rapid conversion of land use, highly problematic. Similarly, to today when pipeline
companies ask to buy land (privitize/convert) to put pipeline through it.
Embeddedness: The Great Transformation (Polanyi, 1944). Definition: A significant aspect of
The Great Transformation was the switch from the economy being embedded in social relations
to social relations being dictated by the economy. Istead of eoo eig eedded i
soial relatios, soial relatios are eedded i the eooi sste. The ter
"eeddedess" epresses the idea that the eoo is ot autooous, … ut subordinated
to politis, religio, ad soial relatios. Eoo used to e a aessor to hua life now
it dictates our society. Political Ecology: The embeddedness of our society within the economy
is prevalent today. Many of us search for the highest paying job we are qualified for and will
choose a higher salary over a fulfilling career. This is done so we can hoard money (gain motive)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
MIDTERM 2 TERMS Deep reciprocity Dancing the World into Being: A Conversation with Idle No Mores Leanne Simpson (Klein, 2013). Definition: The opposite extractivism a way of taking responsibility for the impacts of the resource extraction. Deep reciprocity is a way of building respect and relationships with the people who inhabit the lands being extracted. Political Ecology: Deep reciprocity is needed in every conversation regarding the extraction of natural resources. Again, W2WC demonstrated that this give and take relationship is vital for different societies to see eye to eye. Pizango wished for Perus government to sit and discuss the laws with him first to create a reciprocal relationship where the Amazon people do not carry all the burden and the government receives all the gains. Locke describes a state of nature, america was a wasteland (In Lockes eyes), it was not developed and was not being used. The Great Transformation: The Great Transformation (Polanyi, 1944). Definition: The great transformation refers to the transformation of European civilization from preindustrial to industrialization. Along with this change in the economy, were changes in socio-economic policies and ideologies. Before industrialization, people would usually take only what they needed to survive produce the food they needed, trade the surplus for goods they required. After industrialization, many people had motives for gain, regardless of the hurt it inflicted on other people or the environment. Political Ecology: The pre-industrial society was dependent on reciprocity and redistribution, symmetry and centricity; no motive for gain, householding for individual/ nuclear-family. Conversely the market society had motives of gain, to get ahead and try to amass as much money as possible. In the same way with resource extraction, there is a race to amass as much petroleum, as much water, as much land as can be privatized (Klein). Enclosures & conversions: The Great Transformation (Polanyi, 1944) chapter 3. Definition: Enclosures and conversions refer to common land that was converted to private land. Tenants (under a landlord) could make their living off the land even though they didnt own it. No need for money if family was fed. However, wool industry became more profitable farmers kicked off land so it could be converted to pastures. Farmers were forced into the industrial workforce. Political Ecology: In the factories, there was no relationship between employer and employee (unlike landlord and tenant who knew one another). This made it much easier to exploit workers gaining surplus labour so employers would profit more. People began to try and accumulate as much as they could. POWER IMBALANCE. Poor man should be satisfied with habitation; living. Rich man should experience improvement. Enclosures not always bad, but the rapid conversion of land use, highly problematic. Similarly, to today when pipeline companies ask to buy land (privitize/convert) to put pipeline through it. Embeddedness: The Great Transformation (Polanyi, 1944). Definition: A significant aspect of The Great Transformation was the switch from the economy being embedded in social relations to social relations being dictated by the economy. Instead of economy being embedded in social relations, social relations are embedded in the economic system. The term "embeddedness" expresses the idea that the economy is not autonomous, but subordinated to politics, religion, and social relations. Economy used to be an accessory to human life now it dictates our society. Political Ecology: The embeddedness of our society within the economy is prevalent today. Many of us search for the highest paying job we are qualified for and will choose a higher salary over a fulfilling career. This is done so we can hoard money (gain motive)
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit