Anatomy and Cell Biology 2221 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Anatomical Terms Of Motion, Sternum, Scapular

136 views26 pages
Anatomy and Cell
Biology 2221
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 26 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 26 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Anatomy Lecture 1
Anatomical Terminology
Anatomical position: anatomical terminology refers to this position
Anatomical planes: pass through the body which provide frame of reference in
3D
Directional Terminology
Right/Left cadaver specific, not the viewers left and right
Anterior (Ventral)/Posterior (Dorsal)
Superior (Cranial)/Inferior (Caudal)
Medial/Lateral
Proximal/Distal
Body Composition 4 Basic Tissues
1. Epithelia: classified based on cell morphology & number of layers
2. Nervous Tissue: main component of brain, spinal cord, nerves
3. Muscle tissue: contractile tissue controlled either voluntarily (skeletal muscle) or
involuntarily (cardiac & smooth muscle)
4. Connective Tissue:
Proper: loose (functions as a binding tissue ex adipose) & dense (resists mechanical
stress ex. ligs, tendons, deep fascia)
Blood: transport medium for gases, nutrients, waste
Bone: supports and protects organs and the attachment site for muscles
Cartilage: provides cushion and support ex) hyaline (covers ends of bone), fibrocartilage
(intervertebral discs)
Fascia
“uperfiial Fasia Hypodermis elow the dermis
Contains adipose
Fat storage
Passageway for nerves and blood vessels
Deep Fascia
Dense regular connective tissue
Creates compartments surrounding individual and groups of
muscles and large vessels & nerves
Reduces friction during muscle contractions
Joints
These are sites where two or more bones meet. They provide
stability, and/or mobility to the skeleton.
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Deep Fascia
(white)
X-section of forearm
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 26 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Classified  either funtion OR struture…
Functional: immovable, slightly moveable, freely movable
Structural: fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
Fibrous Joints: connected by dense regular connective tissue, lack a
joint cavity
1. Sutures b/w skull bones, immovable
2. Syndesmoses: connected by ligaments, movement range depends on length
3. Gomphoses: peg-in-socket joint for root of tooth
Cartilaginous Joints: bones united by cartilage, lack a joint cavity
1. Synchondroses: hyaline cartilage, immovable
2. Symphyses: fibrocartilage, slightly movable
Synovial Joints: fluid-filled joint cavity, many are
freely movable joints. Classified according to degree of movement &
shape
1. Nonaxial plane joint
2. Uniaxial hinge joint or pivot joint
3. Biaxial condyloid joint or saddle joint
4. Multiaxial ball & socket joint
Nonaxial movement: gliding doesn’t involve rotation around an ais e)
intercarpal joint at wrist
Uniaxial movement: movement around single axis
Biaxial Movement: movement around two axes
Multiaxial Movement: movement around multiple axes
Pubic Symphysis
IV Discs
Hinge Joint ex) elbow
Pivot Joint ex) proximal radioulnar joint pronation and supination
Condyloid joint ex) MCP jt at finger
Saddle joint ex) carpo-MC jt at thumb
Ball and Socket joint ex) shoulder
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 26 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Anatomical position: anatomical terminology refers to this position. Anatomical planes: pass through the body which provide frame of reference in. Directional terminology: right/left cadaver specific, not the viewers left and right, anterior (ventral)/posterior (dorsal, superior (cranial)/inferior (caudal, medial/lateral, proximal/distal. Uperfi(cid:272)ial fas(cid:272)ia (cid:894)hypodermis (cid:862)(cid:271)elow the dermis(cid:863)(cid:895: contains adipose, fat storage, passageway for nerves and blood vessels. Deep fascia: dense regular connective tissue, creates compartments surrounding individual and groups of muscles and large vessels & nerves, reduces friction during muscle contractions. These are sites where two or more bones meet. They provide stability, and/or mobility to the skeleton. Classified (cid:271)(cid:455) either fun(cid:272)tion or stru(cid:272)ture : functional: immovable, slightly moveable, freely movable, structural: fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial. Fibrous joints: connected by dense regular connective tissue, lack a joint cavity: sutures b/w skull bones, immovable, syndesmoses: connected by ligaments, movement range depends on length, gomphoses: peg-in-socket joint for root of tooth.

Get access

Grade+20% off
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers