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Anthropology 4400E- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 114 pages long!)


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 4400E
Professor
Dan Jorgensen
Study Guide
Final

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Western
Anthropology 4400E
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Wednesday, September 13th,
2017
Anthro 4400 Lecture 2 notes
Silverman and Ortner articles
Bourdieu known for practice theory
North American anthropology concerned with group
europeans more concerned with structures
took society as main point of reference
british did social functionalism
society objective reality
culture was a thing in people’s heads, abstract
culture as dressing for social structure
interested in what people do, not so much their minds
a lot info on child rearing practices
moto personalities for different ethnicities
he takes a look at the perspective of the individual
tracking bodies in motion
cant do social explanation without grappling with meaning
gertz said you have to interpret things from their point of view
culture is shared, not the product of a single individual
it is learned
he said culture exists in symbols that are outside the body
Ortner talks about political economy
She says that anthropology has expanded in what they look like but they dont look like at
culture itself
they dont look at culture unless it is related to something else like power etc
says it it shallow
Bourdieu points out that people dont just do things, there are counter moves etcanthro
became grounded in Bourdieu work
he was very interested in class and equality in France, analysis of style
style important, establishes class, inequality
he reintroduced subjectivity to anthropology
positionality - depends who you are, where you are
bourdieu suggested it was through practice
bourdieu calls it habitus
that is the ways that you habitually act in context
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Monday, September 17th, 2017
1
Anthro 4400 Lecture 3 notes
Today: talking more about Bourdieu, our group projects etc
Structure in society are perceived ideas
Bourdieu was interested in how structure in place constructs actions
Norms and such that we follow
He thought there's always some free place to maneuver rules in society
People are constantly not following rules, norms etc and creating their norm
Aka this is not a rigid structure
You contribute, produce, knowledge
Changing the system in which you operate
People modify the system and change the constraints and ground rules
Bourdieu really interested in this ^
By mid 60s, early 70s anthropologists thought they knew how to properly explain how a
society works
Many people argue that nothing has changed, people keep doing the same thing for
decades
When anthropologists question "why are people doing this?" The easy answer is that
because we have always done this
Structure and agency are main themes for Bourdieu
Things don't function smoothly and predictably
Internal and external forces influencing actions but mainly people
He was interested in style distinction evaluation
Cultural capital
French phrase "les normaliens" is school which sets the standard for everyone else (the
elite)
All that matters to them is French capital
You have to come from good family, know how to conduct yourself, know how to dress,
refined taste in literature and art, can converse on intellectual matter
The way that this system shapes people
Social capital
The difference between cultural capital and social capital is what you know vs who you
know
We can compare this to biz program vs ivey, tier one schools vs second tier
One of his books is "Away from Structuralism"
He wanted to stray away from a "God's point of view" "objective" view and more one
from actual living people
Strategy and Tactics (vs "Rules")
We can innovate, change etc strategies
Ground rules vs Strategy Rules
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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