Lecture 24 Early Rome.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2300
Charles Stocking

Lecture 24 – Early Rome and Spectacle Sport Roman Pre-History: The Etruscans - Etruscan Civilization existed from 700 BCE – incorporated into the Roman Republic in 300s BCE - Transition from Chiefdrom/Tribal societies to state formation - Rome was the first Italian state – inherited from the Etruscans - Mining and trade in metals led to Etruscan expansion on the Italian Peninsula and surrounding areas - 540 BCE Battle of Alalia between Greeks, Etruscans and Carthignians, near the island of Corsica o Led to new distribution of power in the West Mediterranean:  Carthage expanded its influence  Etruscans relegated to Northern Italy - 474 BCE Hiero (from Syracuse) defeats the Etruscans in the Battle of Cumae - Power struggles led to the Etruscans loss of influence over the area of Latium – taken over by Romans st - By 1 century BCE, Rome has annexed all remaining Etruscan territory Etruscan Sport and Spectacle: Greek Gifts and Roman Roots - Influence of Greek Sports on Etruscans  Francois Vase: o Found in 1844 in an Etruscan tomb in a cemetery in Italy o Dated to 570/560 BCE o Depicts the Funeral Games of Patroclus - Etruscans did not participate in Panhellenic Games  possibly had their own athletic culture that was influenced by the Greeks - There is no Etruscan literary account of sport or funeral games, but there is evidence from material culture - Best evidence for Etruscan sport – tomb paintings - Tomb of the Augurs 520 BCE o Painted tomb located in Tarquinia o Called the Tomb of the Augurs b/c men are thought to be interpreting bird signs, as a form of divination o Also seems to depict funeral games o Naked athletes depicted  Greek influence  All other performers from other cultures were clothed - Tomb of the Monkey in Chiusi Non-Nude Athletics: Greek Vases for Etruscans - Perizoma Group: o Greek vases with naked athletes with Perizomas (loincloth) painted in them afterward o Most likely made for export for Etruscan clients - Inconsistency in representation  some athletes nude (tomb paintings), while other clothes (Perizoma group) Early History of Rome - Monarchy from 753 BCE o Early history is debatable – legends do not seem to record accurately that Rome became a city of outsiders and outcasts and that Roman citizen ship was from early times a legal, rather than ethnic status - Roman Kings – according to Roman Tradition: o Romulus o Numa Pompilius o Tullus Hostilis o Ancus Marcius o Tarquinius Priscus (Lucumo) o Servius Tullius o Tarquinius Superbus - Oligarchy from 509-31 BCE o Known as the time of the Repulic = Res Publica o Romans called their government the Senate and the Roman People – SQPR = Senatus Populusque Romanus Early Rome: The Republic - 2 Consuls – chief magistrates of Rome o Presided over the senate o Elected yearly - Praetor (increased from 2  8) o Commander of army or elected magistrate o Ruled provinces - Aedile – 2 pairs o Office of maintenance of public works, including buildings and festivals - Questor o Financia
More Less

Related notes for Classical Studies 2300

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.