Foods and Nutrition 1021 Study Guide - Cramp, Stunted Growth, Failure To Thrive

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
Professor
Mineral
Function
Deficiency
Toxicity
Sources
CALCIUM
Principal
mineral of
bones & teeth
Muscle
contraction &
relaxation
Nerve
functioning
Regulation of
cell activities
Blood clotting
Blood
pressure
Immune
defenses
1000 mg
Stunted growth
Osteoporosis
2500 mg
Constipation
Urinary tract
stones
Kidney
dysfunction
Absorption
interference
Milk,
Oysters,
Broccoli
PHOSPHORUS
Mineralization
of bones &
teeth
Cell genetic
material
Phospholipids
Energy
transfer
Buffers
700 mg
Appetite loss
Bone pain
Muscle
weakness
Impaired
growth
Rickets
4000 mg
Calcification
of
nonskeletal
tissues
(kidney)
Animals
Legumes
MAGNESIUM
Bone
mineralization
Protein
building
Enzyme
action
Muscle
function
Nerve
impulses
Immune
function
Teeth
400 / 310 mg
Weakness
Muscle
twitches
Appetite loss
Confusion
If extreme:
convulsions,
bizarre
movements,
hallucinations,
difficulty
swallowing
Growth failure
350 mg
Abuse of
laxatives
diarrhea
Fluid &
electrolyte,
pH
imbalances
Nuts
Legumes
Whole
Grains
Seafood
SODIUM
OUTSIDE +
Na, Cl, K
(electrolytes)
Fluid balance
Acid-base
balance
Nerve
impulse
transmission
1500 mg
Muscle cramps
Mental apathy
Loss of
appetite
2300 mg
Hyper
tension
Salt
Soy
Sauce
Fast
Food
POTASSIUM
INSIDE +
4700 mg
Muscular
Potato
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