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Final

Definitions for final - GEO of Canada.docx

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Department
Geography
Course Code
Geography 2010A/B
Professor
Suzanne Greaves

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Geo of Canada: Definitions Value added:  ­ The amount by which the value of an article is increased at each stage of its  production, exclusive of initial costs. ­ Relevance: Value added in vehicles produced in Canada had to be no less than the  dollar amount achieved in 1964, under the Canadian Auto Pact Outsourcing: ­ Contracting out a function of business to a third party ­ In 1980’s, Big 3 auto manufacturers began to outsource their parts business Transmission technology: ­ Quebec hydroelectric: Allowed hydro Quebec to transmit electric power from  Churchill falls and James bay to markets in southern Quebec and New England with  acceptable levels of leakage Alaskan Panhandle: ­ Area on the Northwest coast of North America. Adjacent to northern British  Columbia  Provincial agriculture commission ­ Charged with preserving agricultural land from urban encroachment and encouraging  farm businesses ­ A result of the 1973 BC land commissions act Pineapple express ­ Air mass which originates over warm airs of Hawaii ­ Brings torrential rains but also relatively warm weather in the winter months, while  those inland receive heavy snowfalls Sustainable resource use ­ Using resources in ways that allow for conservation of the resource Inland passage ­ Tourist attraction, a popular cruise ship route heading for Alaska from B.C.  Horizontal drilling  ­ Directional drilling is the practice for drilling non-vertical wells Hydraulic fracking ­ Hydraulic fracturing is the fracturing of rock by a pressurized liquid ­ Producer Services  ­ services for manufacturing and other tertiary industries, e.g. advertising, legal services, management consultancy, market research. Asia­Pacific gateway and corridor ­ The highway and rail corridors from western Canada to ports on BC’s coast Tragedy of the commons  ­According to which the depletion of a shared resource by individuals, acting independently and rationally according to each one's self-interest, despite their understanding that depleting the common resource is contrary to the group's long-term best interests LNG: Liquefied natural gas ­ Exactly like it sounds’ Softwood forests: ­ Coniferous trees ­ Lodgepole pine, spruce, hemlock, balsam, douglas fir, cedar Lower mainland ­ Southwest corner of B.C. with Vancouver as the focal point ­ Over 60% of residents live here North West Transportation Corridor  ­  Grooves of Geography ­ the way in which the north­south mountain ranges of BC tend to align this region  with the adjacent US northwest, and set it apart from Canada Evapotranspiration ­ Amount of water that can potentially be released from an area of the earth’s surface  through evaporation and transpiration Western sedimentary base ­ Geologic structure which contains many minerals, notably Oil, gas, coal, potash ­ Underlies most of Alberta and portions of BC, SK, MB Athabasca tar sands ­ Oil resource, which uses surface mining techniques ­ Such as hydrotransport in which oil sands are mixed with extremely hot water and  transported to an upgrader plant by pipeline Upgrader Plant ­ Takes Bitumen, and transforms it into synthetic crude oil Chinooks ­ Strong winds that become warm and dry as they flow down a mountain slope Alberta clippers ­ Strong, frigid winds that produce true blizzard conditions ­ Fast moving low pressure area Palliser’s triangle ­ Semi arid, steppe region in the prairies ­ Unsuitable for agriculture ­ Medicine hat is right in the middle of it ­ Found by John Palliser Dominion land survery ­ 1869 surveyors prepared a land registry system for the expected influx of settlers Homesteader ­ Settler of the Canadian prairies; each received a quarter section of land and would be  required to till the land and build a house on that section Summer Fallow ­ Cropland purposely kept out of production in growing season, to accumulate  moisture for the following growing season ­ OPEC ­ Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries ­ Controls world supply of Oil exports ­ Caused prices to skyrocket in the 1970’s Carbon tax ­ Tax related to greenhouse gas emissions ­ Drastic reduction in fossil fuel production in Alb
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