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History 2403E Study Guide - Final Guide: Maximilien Robespierre, Counter-Revolutionary

Course Code
HIS 2403E
Jeffrey Temple
Study Guide

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Rights of the Revolution
The French Revolution and Rights
1. The arguments presented to extend full rights to women are that neglect for
women is the sole cause of public misfortunes and governmental corruption.
As well De Gouges argued that it was ironic that the entire revolution was
based upon equality, but when equality was received it still excluded half of
the population.
2. The arguments were not counter revolutionary because they went with the
fundamental ideas of the revolution, which stood for liberty and equality for
all. I think she was executed because though her ideas were in line with
revolutionary thought she posed a threat to the general way of life and the
Jacobins were worried that it was too quick and too radical a change.
1. Robespierre’s political beliefs evolved during the revolution by supporting
the death penalty after denouncing it. He justified his change in beliefs by
stating that the death penalty can only be justified in cases where it is
necessary for the security of person or state which he accused Louis of
2. Robespierre’s regime was successful by fighting the war to victory, drafting
laws related distributing land, supporting education, ending internal
rebellion, managing inflation, and abolishing slavery in France’s colonies.
3. Robespierre justified the terror by saying that the terror was used to
implement liberty to the public while removing the enemies of liberty and
that without the power and authority the public liberties could not be
4. Robespierre’s own success stabilizing the country led to his demise. As
France became a safer place more and more moderates defected and
Robespierre was charged as attempting to set up a dictator. He was publicly
The Directory
1. Following the fall of the Jacobins France fell into the hands of the Republican
Centre who were the people who had remained quiet during the Jacobin
period. A new constitution was drafted factoring the educated property
owning citizens called the rule of the directory. At the top of the new political
system were five directors chosen by the house of parliament. Having two
houses eliminated the complication and problems arising from the single
legislature system.
2. The people who opposed the Directory were from both sides of the political
spectrum. On the right the royalists and the church opposed the Directory
and on the left the radical republicans opposed the directory.
3. The Party of Order was a centrist group made up of powerful people who
believed in democracy but also feared it would degenerate into mob rule.
They believed in equality but still wanted to distinguish between those who
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