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Intro to Sport Psychology Notes 2.docx

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Kinesiology 1088A/B
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Intro to Sport Psychology Notes 2 for FINALthOctober 19 2011 Psychological Skills Training PSTThe systematic and consistent practice of mental or psychological skillsPsychological skills can be learned but must be practiced and integrated into your routine Psychological factors account for most day to day fluctuations in performanceMyths Psychological skills are innate they cannot be learnedOnly for problem athletesOnly effective for the elite athleteProvide for quick fix solutionsNot usefulhocus pocus Components of PST Program1Education Phase Learn the nature and basis of the skill and understand how it influences performance2Acquisition Phase Structure training program to develop skills and techniques3Practice Phase Integrate skill development into practice and competitive settingsHelps make the sporting experience fun and helpsmeets everyones needsPST ProgramWho Sport psychology consultantCoachWhenPreseason or off season36 month duration1Ongoing process integrated into practicesNeeds Assessment Evaluate strength and weaknessesOral interview and psychology inventoryPerforming ProfilingWhatWhich skills to includeSchedulingEvaluation and followupProblemsLack of convictionLack of timeLack of knowledgeLack of followup1Psychological Skills INITIAL FOCUSaPsychological SkillsPersonal qualities to be attained or developed ex target behavioursbPerformance Skills Optimal Arousal mental and physicalAttention ControlcFoundation Skills SelfConfidenceMotivationSelfAwareness 2SelfEsteemdFacilitative SkillsInterpersonalAwarenessLifestyle ManagementPrideSkillProcessMethod2Psychological Methods SECONDARY FOCUSProcedures or techniques used to develop psychological SKILLS vehicle used to attain skillsGoal Setting relaxation imagery thought processes selftalk attributionPresence of Others as a Motivator Other sSpectators or audience observersCoactors others doing same taskopponentaSOCIAL FACILITATION THEORY Zajonc 1965 The mere presence of others serves to increase arousal levels more anxious and causes a response to occur faster or more intensely1Increased arousal will increase the likelihood that an individuals dominant response will occur2In simple well learned skills correct responses and improved performance occurs in the presence of others3In complexor newly learned skills the dominant responses may be incorrect old or bad habits and performance will be impaired in the presence of others4Evaluation Apprehension Its not just the presence of others that causes arousal Rather it is the expectation that those present will be judge or evaluate the quality of the performance that increases arousal ad influences performance effectiveness thOctober 24 2011We learn to associate others with praiseblame or rewardpunish type of evaluationsI always do betterwhen youre not looking3
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