Study Guides (400,000)
CA (150,000)
Western (10,000)
MIT (300)
Midterm

Media, Information and Technoculture 2000F/G Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Social Innovation, Facilitated Communication, Second Industrial Revolution


Department
Media, Information and Technoculture
Course Code
MIT 2000F/G
Professor
Daniel Robinson
Study Guide
Midterm

Page:
of 17
MIT 2000 Midterm Study Sheet
Study plan:
Thurs
Fri
Sat
Sun
Mon
Tues
Wed
-
Complete
readings
-complete
readings
table
-general
concepts
-Lecture
point table
complete
-general
concepts
-flashcards/
print study
sheet
Review Main topics
-possible section 1
-flash cards if needed
-group concepts/people/
words together- mind map
OVERVIEW
Main topics in each reading:
Reading
Main points
Some Psychodynamics of Orality
Key words:
Speech acts
Sound existence
Preservation
Mnemonic
Rhythm
Repetition
Originally limited
Memorization
Poverty
Formal education
Cultural relativism
Literary culture luxury
Innovation
-Oral Cultures
speech acts are occurrences, events
sound exists only when it goes out of existence
(cannot look at full word once: pronounce by letters,
and by last letter, first letter sound = gone)
all sound= living/dynamic
-Preservation of information
Mnemonic techniques: no writing, different
forms of preservation by thinking memorable
thoughts: rhythmic patterns, rhyme, repetition.
difficult to grasp abstract concepts
-Originality of thought Oral culture
spend long time repeating info to recall & retain,
therefore highly conservative minds- hold info &
traditional values
thought processes hinder innovation: memorize,
cannot create new ideas
limited in originality, but not lacking: elders job
(to convince people of beliefs (also if new))
-Social implications of oral societies
poverty: no formal education (skill set employers
find valuable) reading/writing, cultural relativism;
no writing= no means of escaping poverty
-Literary Cultures
Luxury of focusing on what important to
memorize organized concepts in writing- memory
doesn’t have to be as good
more innovation, b/c not memorizing
Interpreting Aboriginal Cultures
-Communication methods: poems/stories
(different than that of Canada)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Key words:
Poems/stories
Past contains future
Past and present
Time & space bias
Fragile Oral culture
White colonial bias
Binary
Force literacy
land provides characters, believed unity between
humans & animals & universe
tales = highly valued communication methods
-The past already contains the future
because the past repeats itself (seeing future in
dream)
past & present: living in two worlds; spiritual and
reality
-Time/space biased societies
time= lasting: community, continuity, knowledge
(over days, months, years but they just have seasons)
sig. of stories
Space= less definitive/important (more temporary)
transcend through space w email/text not as
valuable content as aboriginal stories
--Today = social media & virtual space
-Space & time of nature and seasons: life of
aboriginals (nature = space & seasons = time)
-Oral culture societies = fragile
nothing written knowledge only contained within
people; fragile needing to pass on info to preserve it
sense of history = oral & stories, not dates & facts
-White Colonial Bias
difficult to discuss, b/c colonials = complex
writing systems rather than oral culture binary &
seeing white system as the dominant one
literacy forced onto aboriginals residential school
Empire and Communications
Key words:
Navigation
Dependency
Railway
Steamship
Communication
Time bias
Space bias
Government balance
Networks of communicaiton
-Trade in Canada 1800s change in navigation/
trade influenced Canadians: created dependency on
other countries selling the furs/agriculture (trade)
railway & steamship facilitated communication
-Communication = essential: gov. & organizations
were dependent on communication: safety, food, info
-Time Bias Media: Durable (lasts over time) i.e.
carving in class- but harder to transport
Favored decentralization/hierarchical types of
institutions, emphasized community (?)
-Space Bias Media: Wide spread administration
(transport through space) i.e. papyrus, TV, Radio.
Internet can be space: writing long messages and
transporting them, & time b/c lasting/saved
-Military: light/portable commun. over large distance
-Space & Time media in Empires/Gov. -> balance
between
Time = cultural aspect (preserve) & space =
economic -> send information
government dependent on efficiency of commun.
-Allowed Interconnections -> countries collaborate
i.e. intelligence systems connected, info commun.
Literate Revolution in Greece and
cultural consequences
-Literacy changed entire cultures
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Key words:
Alphabet
Democratic
Printing press
Time bias
Space bias
Oral communication
Written
Augmented
all western thought = informed by kinds of ideas
available to human mind a point in time
-Alphabet & literacy revolution: transform society
alphabet evolve into society = lengthy process
(compared to digital age)
alphabet = more ideas flourish; understood, write.
the evolution; shapes to sounds to single letters
more literate=more democratic: learning/opinions
literacy changes: children learnt vs. older genera.
printing press: readily available to all: augmented
made greater) idea of written word time and space
bias!
-Oral communication vs. writing
uses intertwined/change w time: call vs. text now
Rise or Reading Public
Key words:
Reading public
Hearing public
Printing press
Mass production
Silent reading
Martin Luther
Reformation
Gutenberg 1450
-Differences between hearing/Reading public
affected by transitions: Rural = hearing public
Reading public: read individuals, not public,
deemed bad (women), changed commun. Methods
-Printing press & Silent reading: Gutenberg 1450
silent reading existed, affected politics/arts/relig.
(reformation), weakened community ties, still oral
reduced costs & allowed mass production
-Marin Luther: Theology Prof. printing press,
spread reformation info against catholic church
(power of press)
Cultural Approach to
Communities
Key words:
Transmission view
Ritual view
News as historic reality
-Two conceptions of communication in American
tradition: transmission & ritual view
-Transmission view:
defined by sending/transmitting/giving info,
increase speed/effect, originates in religion
-Ritual view communication:
(community linked w) sharing, participation,
association, common faith.
directed towards maintenance, society over time
how it is communicated & how that is kept up over
time- serve as control for human action
nothing new learned, but particular view portrayed
*not pure info, represents shared belief
-Carey: news is historic reality: form of culture
invented by particular class, particular historical time
ritual view = not info but drama not describing
world but portrays arena of dramatic forces/actions
-exists only in historical time
Most Powerful Engine
Key words:
Polite sociability
Democratic sociability
Community as natural
Newspaper as political
Hegemonic
-Evolution: newspaper Media= polite sociability to
democratic sociability
-Polite Sociability: articles = how to act in society
-Democratic Sociability: happenings in society
-Community is inherent (natural) sense of
community (reading socially/alone), discussion
-community = dominated by provincial politics,
including parliament debate reports, not local things
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com