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Music History Term Two.docx

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Department
Music
Course
Music 1711F/G
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Spring

Description
MusicHistoryTermTwo01112012stEpitaphofSeiklosistheoldestnotatedmusicinhistoryAround1CenturyADEngravedinstonePsalmodyHymodyBodyofpsalmsandhymnsGreekDramaChorusGuyswiththemasksreactingtoscenesHappyandsadfacesOdestohonourheroesthatthegreekswroteItblursthelinebetweenmusicandpoetryMonophonicOnesinglelineofmusicMelosthesongthewordsmusicmelodyTetrachordsarrangementofpitchesandintervalsinamelodyThreekindsfourththatisdividedintodifferentwaysDiatonicChromaticenharmonicAlldescendTheGreaterPerfectSystem4tetrachords1pitchConsistsoftwooctaverangeTonoisingulartonusSimilartominormajortonalitiesThewaythemelodysoundsGREEKMeseMeanasinmiddleThetonicorrestingpointinthemiddleofthemelodyTheRomanEmpirenoughSaidThebyzantineempirenoughsaidHarmonyoftheSpheresDoctrineofEthosmusichasthepowertochangepeopleshumorsandchangetheirattitudeBasicallymanipulationTheoryPracticeLiberalArtsTriviumLiberalArtsQuadriviumQuestionsWhatistheoldestinstrumentVoiceWhendowebegintoknowanythingaboutmusichistoryEmporersintheoldtestamentFromthebibleHowdoweknowthisImagestestamentsofeventsArcheologyInstrumentpartsRelicsTraditionsandwordofmouthRolesmusicplayinancientsocietyEntertainmentReligiousritualsEducationinbecomingaricherhumanDancingandsexMusicintheBiblicalWorldTheoldtestamentmentionscelebratorymusicceremonialmusicreligiousmusicmusictherapyPSALMSANDHYMNSweresungAntiphonallyonesidesingstheothersidesingsResponsoriallyleadersingspeoplerespondAlwaysmonophonicallyMusicinAncientGreecethBeginninginthe8centuryBCthinkslessaboutwarandmoreaboutphilosophyTheythinkaboutciviliansjusticeandfaircourtscomeinetcDemocracyandindividualrightsth5centBCEistheapexofancientGreekculturalthoughtphilosophy45existingfragmentsofmusicfromancientGreecemusicusedindramaceremonyandpoetryMonophonicaccompaniedbystringinstrumentmaybeMelossongmelodywordsrhythmGreekMusicTheoryTherearethreetypesgeneraofTetrachords4descendingnoteswholetonewholetonehalftoneDiatonicminorthirdhalftonehalftoneChromaticcmajorthirdquartertonequartertoneEnharmoniAlloftheseformafourthTheGreaterPerfectSystemmadeupoffourinterlinkTetrachordsplusonepitchConstitutes2octaverangeDependingonwhattheTetrachordsareusedthescalesformelodiescanbedefinedbytheirtonuspluraltonoiThepitchinthemiddleofthetonusiscalledthemeseandmelodiesshouldalwaysreturntothislikeourtonic
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