Philosophy 2074F/G Study Guide - Kantianism, Immanuel Kant, Categorical Imperative

32 views4 pages
13 Apr 2012
Department
Professor

For unlimited access to Study Guides, a Grade+ subscription is required.

Utilitarianism 4/13/2012 10:57:00 AM
Utilitarianism
A consequentialist theory it cares about the consequences of
actions and not their motivations
The basic utilitarian position an action or practice is right if it
leads to the best possible balance of good consequences over bad
consequences for all the parties affected
Act utilitarianism one ought to perform the act that results in the
greatest good for the greatest number of people and that rules
might be good in general, but they should not be followed all the
time
Rule utilitarianism rules are not expendable depending upon the
circumstance, compromising moral rules lessens the effectiveness
of rules
Essential Features of Utilitarianism
One should maximize utility and minimize negative utility
A theory of the nature of utility and negative utility
o Hedonistic utilitarian one who believes that utility is
pleasure and negative utility is pain
o Pluralistic utilitarian one who believes that there are a
number of positive and negative utilities
o Desire-fulfillment utilitarian one who believes that utility is
the satisfaction of the desires of individuals and negative
utility is the frustration of these desires
A theory of measuring and comparing utility and negative utility
o Jeremy Bentham attempted to produce a hedonic calculus
that would measure happiness and pain
o Mill did not believe that all pleasures were equal, he believed
that pleasures of the mind are superior to base pleasures
o Some contemporary utilitarian theorists attempt to derive the
worth of different pursuits by the action of consumer choice
Objections to Utilitarianism
Units of utility cannot me measured or are extremely difficult to
measure
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class