Study Guides (253,924)
CA (123,580)
Western (13,290)
1020E (201)

Exam Review.docx

4 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Exam Review Ideologies  This is the system of ideas with histories  It aims to shape social change  How does (the particular ideology) explain, evaluate, orient humans to the world (who am I?), political program  Every ideology has certain views of freedom Brian Barry on Liberal Ideas  Fundamental equality of all human beings: inequality is an artifact (we created it, it was not already within nature) – we are all morally equal  Every doctrine should be open to critical scrutiny  No religious dogma can be held with certainty Liberalism  Origins of liberalism- medieval Europe consisted of the hierarchical system, liberalism was the challenging idea to this classical system.  Liberalism was a revolutionary idea in England, America, and France  Hobbes, Locke (individuals have rights, state needs to protect these rights), Paine (American revolution), Jefferson (Declaration of Independence, and the French Declaration Adam Smith:  Capitalism  The Role of the state  Distributive Justice Later Debates:  Spencer is a neo-classical liberalist  Green’s welfare Liberalism – if you taker individual freedom to be the most important thing, then you are going to have to address certain obstacles (poverty, ignorance)  Rawls (welfare) vs. Nozick (neo-classical) Conservatism in General:1  Traditionalism  We should be skeptic about political knowledge  Organic conception of society and the state (we are all part of one organism) Conservatism in General: 2  Classical conservatives: Flawed human beings, hierarchy, tradition, anti- revolution  Contemporary conservatives: small government, free markets, strong military Burke:  Human nature- we are flawed (unequal)  Society – we are not separate and the idea of a social contract does not make sense  Revolution and Reform- he’s against revolution but he’s in favor of gradual reform  Government and Representation- most famous for saying a political representative should not just be a representative 19th century conservatism:  De Maistre spoke about the throne and alter  Catholic Church (Pope Pius)  Culture Conservatism – tended to believe that there is a certain hierarchy between individuals Conservatism Today:  Traditional Conservatism  Individualist Conservatism  Neo-conservatism, The religious rights  Posner- three types of conservatives; economic, security, social-religious Socialism in General: 1  Property should be owned by society – we should move away from private property  Basic goods should be produced with the aim of benefiting all  Against capitalism and its unequal distribution of power (capitalism is anti egalitarian) Socialism in General: 2  Industrial revolution led to dangerous, difficult, undignified, factory work  Moral objections to exploitation, poverty and greed Major Figures:  More, Saint-Simon, Owen  Karl Marx – alienation (different types), theory of history (what is driving history), views on economics, human nature Marx’s Theory of History  Level of developmen
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.