Globalization 2191 Study Guide.docx

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Political Science
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Political Science 2102A/B

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Globalization 2191 Study Guide – 2012 Winter Exam TERMS FROM THE TEXTBOOK Race to the bottom Countries involved in a downward spiral of competitiveness Outsourcing Transfer of activities once performed by an entity to a business (or businesses) in exchange for money Sovereign wealth funds controlled by nation states that often invest in other countries funds Hyperdebt Owing more than one will be able to repay Industrial upgrading Nation-states, firms, & even workers move from low-value production to relatively high-value production Offshore outsourcing transfer of activities to entities in other countries Hyper-consumption Buying more than one can afford Minority Group a group of people in a subordinate position in wealth, power, and/or prestige Majority group a group of people in a superordinate position in wealth, power, and/or prestige Intersectionality Members of any minority group affected by their position in other arrangements of social inequality Orientalism Ideas, texts produced in the West; the basis of the domination, control, & exploitation of the East Race Defined on the basis of real or presumed physical, biological, or phenotypical characteristics Ethnic group Social group defined on the basis of some cultural characteristic Racism Belief in the inherent superiority of one racial group and the inferiority of others Xenophobia Beliefs, attitudes, and prejudices that reject, exclude, and vilify groups made up of outsiders or foreigners Sex physical differences between males and females Social class Social rankings made on the basis of economic factors such as income and wealth Pluralism The idea and fact that different races and ethnic groups can live together (coexist) Genocide Acts committed with the intent to destroy a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group Ethnic cleansing forcibly removing people of another ethnic group Feminization of labour Increasing participation of women in the global formal and informal paid labour force Global care chains series of personal relationships between people across the globe based on the paid or unpaid work of caring Gender differences between males and females based on social definition and distinction Cultural differentialism Cultures tend to remain stubbornly different from one another Cultural hybridization Mixing of cultures leading to unique combinations Glocalization interpenetration of the global and the local, resulting in unique outcomes in different geographic areas Hybridization External flows interact with internal flows producing a unique cultural hybrid that combines their elements Creolization combinations of languages and cultures previously unintelligible to one another Ethnoscapes Actual movement, as well as fantasies about moving, of mobile groups and individuals Technoscapes Fluid, global configurations of technology and the wide range of material that moves freely and quickly around the globe Financescapes Process by which huge sums of money move through nation-states and around the world at great speed Cultural convergence cultures are subject to many of the same global flows and tend to grow more alike World culture Spread of global models leading to global convergence Isomorphism A series of global models has led to a great uniformity throughout the world McDonaldization Process by which the principles of the fast food restaurant are coming to dominate more of the world Grobalization imperialistic ambitions of nation-states, corporations, and organizations, and their imposition throughout the world Nothing Social forms largely devoid of distinctive content Something Largely full social forms; those rich in distinctive content Non-places Settings largely devoid of distinctive content Non-things objects largely devoid of distinctive content Non-people Those who occupy positions that lead them to be devoid of distinctive content, at least in those positions Non-services: services largely devoid of distinctive content Migrants populations on the move, both vagabonds and tourists Refugees Those forced to leave their homeland, or who leave involuntarily, because they fear for their safety Asylum seekers Refugees who seek to remain in the country to which they flee Labour migrant One who is forced to search for work outside his/her home country by “push” and “pull” factors Remittances transactions by which migrants send money back to their country of origin Diaspora The large-scale dispersal of a population Brain Drain Systematic loss by a nation-states of people highly prized elsewhere in the world Brain Gain Nation-states, especially those that are more developed, acquire more people with a strong knowledge base than they lose Ecotourism tourists experience natural environments while doing little or no harm to them Ethnotourism Tourists experiencing the way other people live, often people very different from themselves Protectionism Government intervention in order to encourage domestic production Fair Trade concerns for the social, economic, and environmental well-being of marginalized small producers. Ecological Economic and technological development hand-in-hand with a decline in negative effects on the Modernization Theory environment. Intersex Variation in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, and/or genitals that do not allow an individual to be distinctly identified as female/male sex binary. Final 50 Questions: Which of the following is an example of how financescapes interact with technoscapes?  ATMs Why did Zizek argue for more racism?  It can be funny & people can bond over joking about stereotypes. How many Mormons does the textbook say currently self identify?  13 million Which of these is not a rationalism of the West in the fast food industry?  Which of the following is one of Huntington's assumptions?  The assumptions are culture is broad and common (West is individual and arrogant ; East is collective & assertive ; Islam is a revival of
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