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Sexuality and the Life Cycle: Adulthood Ch 11.docx

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Psychology 2075
Corey Isaacs

Adulthood 1/31/2013 9:54:00 AM Chapter 11 Sex and the Single Person: Sexual Development  Defining sexual identity: o Heterosexism – belief that heterosexuality is the best and expected way of living  Identifying our sexual likes and dislikes  Becoming responsible about sex o Being careful about contraception and STIs  Developing a capacity for intimacy o Deep, emotional sharing between two people The Never-Married  Adults who have never been legally married o Those who intend to marry someday and those who have decided to remain single (legitimately single or common law)  People are waiting longer to get married  95% of people in Canada do marry  Many never married couples are in romantic relationships o LAT – living apart together o Long distance relationships – greater depression and lower relationship satisfaction  Less likely to end if people have more trust in their partner’s commitment, expect more support and are more optimistic about the future of the relationship  Attitudes about being single o Chaste – abstaining from sexual intercourse, sexually celibate o 3 types of involuntary celibates:  Virgins – never had intercourse and rarely dated  Singles – had sexual experiences but reported that it was not satisfying  Unable to maintain long term relationships  Partnered – people in sexless relationships, there was sex in the past but the frequency declined over time  Won’t marry o More likely to be single parents, have lower incomes and less education o View love, marriage and family as less important Being Single  Singles scene – institutionalized in such forms as apartment complexes and singles bars o Fitness centres, religious groups and parties provide meeting opportunities  Urban nightclub o Sporting rituals – game-oriented cultural scripts for nightlife participation  Involves elaborate preparation for all genders, careful attention to grooming and choice of clothes  Internet dating sites o Large sites with different streams for dating, relationships and intimate encounters – o Smaller sites geared towards individuals with specific interests o Cybersex – online sexually oriented communication, activities or exchanges with a partner Cohabitation  Common for adults to experiment with various levels of commitment  Living together is a public declaration of a sexual relationship  42% of Canadians have lived with a non-martial partner at some point in their loves  Common law relationship – two people who have lived together as a couple for 12 continuous months but are not legally married to each other o The number of common law couples grew faster than the number of married couples between 2001 and 2006 o Slightly more than half the couples living together eventually marry  In Quebec, cohabitation is more often seen as replacing marriage rather than as a stage preceding marriage  60% of married couples reported having sex once a week or more, while 71% of cohabiting people had sex once a week or more Marriage  In 2000, the SSC ruled that under the equality provision of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, for the most past same sex couples have the same rights and responsibilities as heterosexual married couples  In 2005, the federal government passed legislation that ensured that all Canadians have the right to marry regardless of sexual orientation Frequency of Intercourse  In our society, marriage is the context in which sexual expression has the most legitimacy  Research in the US shows that the average married heterosexual couples have coitus two or three times per week when they are in their 20s, with the frequency gradually declining as they get older  The frequency of martial sex has remained about the same fro the 1940s to 2000s  Age decline in frequency: o Biological aging  Decrease in vaginal lubrication  Increased likelihood of poor health o Habituation to sexual partner  We may lose interest in sex as our partner becomes more familiar Sexual Techniques  NHSLS – National Health and Social Life Survey  Increased popularity of mouth-genital sex is on of the most dramatic changes in martial sex in the last 50 years o Kinsey – half of married women engaged in oral sex o NHSLS – 74% said their partners had stimulated their genitals orally and 70% had stimulated their partners  People with higher levels of education and incomes were more likely to engage in oral sex showing social class differences  NHSLS reported 27% of married men and 21% of married women have engaged in anal sex Negotiating Sex  There is typically a “mating dance” between partners before sex o Sexual scripts can involve direct verbal statements or behavioural cues  Most people frequently use direct verbal statements, kissing more passionately was the second most frequent  Men initiated sex twice as many times as women o Men and women were equally likely to respond positively Masturbation  Masturbating is most common among younger adults  Many adults continue to masturbate even though they are married and have ready access to sexual activity Sexual Satisfaction  Kelli-an Lawrance and Sandra Byers developed an interpersonal exchange model of sexual satisfaction: o We perceive ourselves to be getting many sexual rewards and few sexual costs o We perceive that we are getting more rewards and fewer costs than we expect to get o We percei
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