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Study Guide

[Psychology 1000] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (1643 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Professor
Dr.Mike
Study Guide
Final

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Western
Psychology 1000
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Psychology Chapter 1 Notes
What is Psychology?
Psychology – scientific study of behaviour and mind
Clinical psychology – study and treatment of mental disorders
Cognitive psychology – study of mental processes (ex. consciousness)
Psycholinguistics – psychology of language (ex. jumbled words)
Subfields of psychology:
Biopsychology
Developmental psychology
Experimental psychology (basic processes)
Industrial-Organizational psychology (work)
Personality psychology
Social psychology
Scientific Approach
Science – systematically gathering + evaluating empirical data to answer questions about world
Empirical evidence – evidence gathered through experience and observation
Observations need to be systematic
Thinking Critically About Behaviour
Critical thinking – taking an active role in understanding the world (not only getting information)
1. What is the claim?
2. Who is making the claim (are they credible)?
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3. What’s the evidence?
4. Are there other explanations possible?
5. What is the most appropriate conclusion?
Psychology’s Goals
1. Describe how people and other animals behave
2. Explain and understand causes of behaviours
3. Predict how people and animals will behave under conditions
4. Influence/control behaviour through knowledge/control of its causes to enhance human welfare
Basic and Applied Research
Basic research – quest for knowledge purely for its own sake
Applied research – solve specific practical problems (uses principles from basic research)
Mind-Body and Nature-Nature Interactions
Mind-body reactions – relations between mental processes in brain and functioning of other systems
oLinks between psychological and biological levels (think about food, get hungry)
Nature + nurture interact
Perspectives on Behaviour
Mind-body dualism – mind is a spiritual entity not subject to physical laws that govern the body
oRene Decartes – two interact through brain’s pineal gland
Monism – mind and body are one
oThomas Hobbes – mental events correspond to physical events in the brain
British empiricism – John Locke
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