Psychology 1000 Quiz: Psychological Disorders

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Psychological Disorders
Anxiety Disorders:
In anxiety disorders, the frequency and intensity of anxiety responses are out of
proportion to the situations that triggers them, and anxiety interferes with daily life.
Anxiety responses have 4 components:
o 1. a subjective-emotional - feelings of tension and apprehension
o 2. a cognitive component - feelings of apprehension, a sense of impending
danger, and a feeling of inability to cope
o 3. physiological responses - increased heart rate and blood pressure, muscle
tension, rapid breathing, nausea, dry mouth, diarrhea, and frequent urination
o 4. Behavioural responses - avoidance of certain situations and impaired task
Anxiety disorders take a range of forms such as: phobic, anxiety, panic, post-traumatic,
and obsessive compulsive disorders
Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent of psychological disorders in NA
All of the psychological disorders tend to occur more frequently to women than men
Phobic Disorder:
Strong and irrational fears of certain objects or situations
People with phobias realize that their fears are out of all proportion to the danger
involved, but they feel hopeless to deal with these fears.
They make extreme efforts to avoid the phobic situation or object
The most common phobic disorders are agoraphobia fear of open and public places,
social phobias fear of situations in which the person may be evaluated and possibly
embarrassed, and specific phobias such as fear of dogs, snakes, spiders, airplanes…
Phobias can develop at any point in life, but many develop during childhood,
adolescence, and early adulthood.
Once they develop, they rarely go away on their own, and they may intensify
The degree of impairment produced by a phobia depends in part on how often the
phobic stimulus is encountered
Generalized Anxiety Disorders:
A chronic state of diffuse, or free-floating anxiety that is not attached to specific
situations or objects
This kind of anxiety may last for months, with the signs almost continuously present
(jittery, tense, and constantly on the edge)
This disorder can interfere with daily functioning
The person may find it hard to concentrate, make decisions, and to remember
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PSYCH 1000 Full Course Notes
PSYCH 1000 Full Course Notes
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