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Psychology 2030A/B- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 104 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 2030A/B
Professor
David Vollick
Study Guide
Final

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Western
Psychology 2030A/B
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Psychology Development
Trephination (Ancient times) cut hole in skull to treat abnormal behavior, believed in spirits.
Melampus-Pilus: (Classic Roman, Greek) suggested organic modal of mental illness, used plants to treat
Asclepius: (Classic Roman, Greek) suggested biological modal for mental illness, thinks illness arise from
traumatic experience and imbalance in fluids. Rose to god status due to healing, has temples dedicated
for mental illness.
Hippocrates: (Classic Roman, Greek) identified hallucination, delusion, melancholia, mania, hysteria
(conversion disorder)
- Wondering Uterus theory: hysteria only occur in women, empty uterus wondering in body
searching for conception. Cured by marriage or pregnancy.
- fluid theory: 4 types ( yellow bile, black bile, blood, phlegm) blood represent courageous,
hopeful, Phlegm represent calm, unemotional. Excess yellow bile is mania, excess black bile is
melancholia. Treated by vegetable diet, exercise, bleeding and tranquilizer substance
- Advocate for removal of patients from family, isolate and humane treatment.
Galen: (Classic Roman, Greek) personal physician to emperor, standard human anatomy, discounted
oderig uterus theor. Attriuted hsteria to oe’s lost itet/ejoet i se. XD
Shit happened
Middle Age: Demonology: dominant theory of mental illness after fall of romans, 100k dead in
witchcraft prosecution (most suffered from mental illness).
Mass hysteria happened: people believe they are occupied by spirit, 1st is Tarantism, caused by
bite of tarantula, believe the bite are make them into werewolf. But nah.
Emotional Contagion discovered, automatic mimicry of expression, posture as if they are
another.
Johann Weyer: (Renaissance, Dutch) specialized in treating mental illness, denounced Witchcraft
Paracelsus: (Renaissance, swiss) refuted idea of domanic possession, early observational medical work.
Ma aslu ere uild, ut turs ito adhouse due to lak of effetie treatet ad resoures,
patients confine in dark cell, chains and torture.
Philippe Pinel (French), William Tuke (English), Chiaragi Charcot European pioneer in moral
treatment.
Charcot introduced psychological treatment
Benjamin Rush, Dorothea Dix (NA)- NA pioneer in moral treatment.
Franz Mesmer (German): astrology, believed in Animal Magnetism, a substance exist in our body that
when it flows, the body is healthy, if its impedance, it causes disease.
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Meser’s ethods of ure ere aps, usi, agi shits, POWERED  PLACEBO
Syphilis: later causes general paresis, manifest as physical paralysis (severe dementia, total insanity),
mental illness, death, proof for physical disease led to mental illness.
Wilhelm Wundt (German): founder of modern scientific psychology, experimental psychology
Kraepelin (German): theoretical psychology, studies 100s of patients, marked etiology and progression
of mental illness, used systematic classification of mental disorders.
Dementia Praecox (Schiz) : believed to result from autointoxication, poisoning of brain cells due to
abnormal body metabolism (Kinda correct)
Josef Breue (Austria) : developed talking cure, later foundation for psychoanalysis.
Nancy School (French), psychotherapeutic institution, believed hysteria is a form of self-hypnosis.
Freud : nuff said, Dreams, sex, unconscious , catharsis, insight, free association, repression, ego vs id
vs superego
Watson Rayner: believed abnormal behaviors can be learned, little Albert experiment proofs classical
and operant conditioning.
Carl Jung: analytic therapy: behavioral motivator are psychological and spiritual ( not sexual), focus on
goals in the future.
Adler: sibling rivalry, birth order, inferior complex.
Carl Rogers: Humanistic, illness arrive from discrepancy between self-iage ad oe’s actual self. Treat
by self-actualization, genuineness, and unconditional positive regards.
Wolpe: psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition, proposed that stimulus will not elicit anxiety if
iopatile ehaior ours at sae tie. (a’t e aious ad relaxed same time) Ex: watch horror
movie and masturbate same time.
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