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Psychology 2032A/B Final: Lecture, and Chapter Notes for Final

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Psychology 2032A/B
John Campbell

1 Monday, March 13, 2017 Lecture mental health in the justice system Go through Stanford prison experiment Person that is charged need to be identified as being fit, and help in preparing their defence are they willing and able to contribute to their own defence and help out Inability to conduct a defence at any stage of the proceedings on account of mental disorder Fitness standard Intentions mute Able to plead Cognitive capacity of whats going on, and can understand the procedures Unfit if: cant understand nature of object, possible consequences, or unable to communicate facts of the incident to council Fitness instruments if deemed unfit: The proceedings halted until fit reassessed within 45 days Attempt to restore fitnessmedication most common Unlikely to become fit? Court can stay proceedings according to bill C10 state can be lifted and trial can start again Unfit people: more likely to be unemployed, never married, older females in minority group with fewer marital resources, 4 times more likely to have psychotic disorders, less likely to have substance abuse problems STAY proceedings if: ACCUSED is unlikely to ever become fit, accused does not pose significant threat to safety of the public, it is in the interest of the proper administration of justice Mental state at time of offence: insanity: is not being of sound mind and being mentally deranged and irrational, legally, insanity removes the responsibility of performing an act because of uncontrollable impulses or delusions Influential cases on insanity: R v. Mcnauton (1843) 3 elements emerged from this case, person must be suffering from defect of reasondisease of the mind, must not know the nature of act they do, *must not know heshe is doing wrong* he shot a guy for no reason, he was judge non guilty from insanity Bill c30 1992 created changes 3, review boards to review case and contribute to further decisions around the individual Winko British Columbia: further change supreme court states that a defendant who is NCRMD should be detained if they pose threat to society If not threat they should receive absolute discharge Few defences use the insanity defence 25 In Canada two situations in which the crown may raise insanity: guilty verdict, defence states they have mental illness Standard test Rogers criminal responsibility assessment scales firsts and only scale 3 decisions can be made: 1. absolute discharge 2. Conditional discharge (back into community but conditions under release, ex. No firearms) 3. psychiatric facility Made by court and the review board within 90 days 2013 Bill C54 in response to public opinion to NCRMD, and cases that were being reported, outrage by citizens, people not being responsible and release
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