[Psychology 2075] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (91 pages long)

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Published on 6 Feb 2017
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Western
Psychology 2075
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Lecture Seven Outline
Sexual Development: Childhood/Adolescence
The Developmental Approach
- there are two broad ways you can look at this approach: (1) focus on
individuals level (how each of us get to be who we are in terms of sexuality)
(2) shared experiences between people of the same age (biological and social
reasons) puberty would be a good example of shared experiences
- throughout this week there will be a lot of talk on individual experiences and
shared experiences
Childhood Sexuality
- a topic that is not really studied
- in our culture we view children as innocent it is a cultural thing
- how are children sexual?
- Freud’s stages
- he talks about us being sexual since the first day we are born
- young children are no way sexual like adults
- he has a broad view of sex his view is seeking physical pleasure in any way
- 0-1 oral phase: gaining pleasure because they are learning how to suck
- 2-3 anal phase: the sense of having the control over your body, learning to shit
- 3-6 phallic phase: the penis, having or not having a penis, learning it feels good
or now, the girls wish they have a penis in this stage but they do not (penis envy)
- no evidence for penis envy; however there is evidence how these stages start
to develop
- you will see some evidence what seems to be masturbation at this age,
however it is typically considered or is accidental, this is how they learn by
experimenting
- pleasure principle
- masturbation/genital touching
- part of their interest is curiosity and learning about their bodies
- Larsson and Svedin; they interviewed parentss what kind of things they seen
their kids doing
- looking at other children`s genitals (G=64%) (B=65%)
- shows genitals to children (G=20%) (B=34%)
- plays doctor (G=48%) (b=37%)
- masturbated with hand (G=18%) (B=29%)
- sex play
- primal scenes
- incidental learning of something sexual
- child walks into parents room while they are having sex
- incidental confrontation with sexuality
- Freud says they have been scarred for life when they see this
- Freud assumes it’s a horrible experience if a child goes through this
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- Prof says you do not know what it is; so he questions why would you be
traumatized about this
- there is no evidence for children who went through this would be messed up
- how do your parents deal with these things? You might be scared because
parents are screaming for coming in not because you witnessed them having sex
- people argue that there is different ways to deal with children
How do parents deal with these things? Answers are the following:
1. sex repressive = worst way to deal with it, “sex is bad”, if they caught son or
daughter masturbating, they would punish those
2. sex avoidant = they do not teach that sex is bad or good, they just avoid
talking about it all together, usually why this occurs is because they are not
comfortable talking about it and when they do talk about it there is that “eye
rolling”, typically you will get lectures, it Is not natural but usually formal thing
3. Sex obsessive = push sex too much, if you are pushing on your kids, it is too
much, parents should not decide I should tell them this, you might make child
uncomfortable of they may not exactly be ready let them come to you
4. Sex expressive = known as the ideal way to discuss these things, sex it is a
way bigger deal to adults than children, for children it is typically a curiosity, let
children come to you, if you let them come to you and you create a relationship
with your children that allows them to be comfortable; this would be ideal, you do
not typically always have to say “it is okay”, you can discuss your own values,
this is a conversation
Parenting Styles for Dealing with Sexuality
- From Gagnon; interviewed mothers responses to children`s masturbations
- ignore it (B= 30%) (G=23%)
- told “do it in private (B=18%) (G=11%)
- punish it (B=6%) (G=4%)
- Told child it is harmful (B=9%) (g=25%)
- discussed morality (B=5%) (G=14%)
- approved (B=4%) (G=1%)
- one hypothesis if boys and girls are having different experiences because of parents
views then this may be why girls and boys grow up with different views
Preadolescence/Puberty
- Freud suggested that in this period ages 8-11 he called this a latency period
- is there a “latency period”?
- the one phase that sex is not an issue; kids do not think about sex or talk about
it
- kids are not sexual
- pretty sure this is not true now
- at this age, children were not saying much about sex
- boys hang out together, girls hangout together
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