Sociology 2169 Study Guide - Discouraged Worker, Intersectionality, Mandatory Retirement

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2169
Professor
Factors Shaping School to Work Transitions1/7/2013 9:37:00 AM
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Factors Shaping School to Work Transitions
Factors Shaping School to Work Transitions
Mothers
Community
One’s work as an adolescent
Demographic change and labour market conditions
Older Workers, the Labour Market, and Transitions to Retirement
Older Workers
Also have problems in the labour market
Can be more costly
Stereotypes that they are less capable
Makes older workers more vulnerable to job loss
After being fired or laid off can have difficulty finding work
Who are Older Workers?
Over 45
Or
Over 55
“older” may vary by occupation/social context
Labour Force Trends
Labour force participation rates for men and women are high for adults in
mid-life- about 90% of men (25-90) and 80% of men in their 50s
Biggest drop- 50s & 60s
By age 65 90% of men have left the labour force
Similar for women but less likely to be employed than men at all ages
Work to Retirement Transitions
In recent days, work-to-retirement transition is more complicated and
prolonged
Individuals undertake “bridge jobs”
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Document Summary

Factors shaping school to work transitions1/7/2013 9:37:00 am. Older workers, the labour market, and transitions to retirement. Also have problems in the labour market. Makes older workers more vulnerable to job loss. After being fired or laid off can have difficulty finding work. Labour force participation rates for men and women are high for adults in mid-life- about 90% of men (25-90) and 80% of men in their 50s. By age 65 90% of men have left the labour force. Similar for women but less likely to be employed than men at all ages. In recent days, work-to-retirement transition is more complicated and prolonged. Impacted by downsizing, technological change, plant closures. Vulnerable to job loss- difficult to find employment again. Rates of unemployment close to national average but might be higher if not for the discouraged worker effect . When do find new employment, it usually pays less than previous job.

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