Sociology 2206A/B Study Guide - Final Guide: Critical Discourse Analysis, Ethnography, Central Tendency

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Parts of a theory concept: idea expressed in words variables: an entity that has a range of values assumptions: unobservable and untestible statement about things (start of a theory) Explains a whole not an indv. (state of probability, not absolute) Analysis of data leads to generalization about data. Scientific method- research wheel (know the function of each stage) Deductive: start with theory (testing a theory) - quantitative. Methodology: ways of collecting info to produce knowledge. Positivism: knowledge comes from empirical observations (investigation) Qualitative: case study comparing specific pop, culture. Quantitative: preplanned (linear), pre-planned measures for data. Non-linear, data driven (grounded theory) collection, support or not a theory. Extraneous variable: all other variables, you wish to control (cv) Variables: an entity that has a range of values or different answers. Ecological fallacy: drawing conclusions about an indv based on observation of group. Individual fallacy (reductionism): drawing conclusion about a group based on the observations of an indv.