Writing 2121F/G Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Adjective, Comma Splice, Dependent Clause

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13 Aug 2016
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WRITING 2121G: Writing for MIT
Quiz 1 Notes
DEFINITIONS
Rhetorical Triangle
Logos = appeals to reason through logical arguments
oStats, evidence, reasoning, etc.
oStrength of research
oGood writing
oBalance of viewpoints
Pathos = appeals to emotions and values
Ethos = trust, credibility
oExpert evidence
Comma splice
Occurs when two independent clauses are joined with only a comma, rather than with a semi-colon or a period.
oWRONG = The team lost the series, the coach lost her job.
oRIGHT = The team lost the series; the coach lost her job.
Run-on sentence
Independent sentences that should be separated by punctuation
oWRONG = We left the museum they entered as we exited.
oRIGHT = We left the museum; they entered as we exited.
Sentence fragment
Group of words that is not an acceptable sentence, but that is punctuated as if it were a sentence
oWRONG = We looked for three sources. For example, statistics, case studies, and government reports.
oRIGHT = We looked for three sources: statistics, case studies, and government reports.
Punctuated like sentences, but lack an essential element: ex. a subject, verb, subordinate clause, or phrase
oI bought the shoes. Because they were there
oI bought the shoes because they were there
To correct, remove periods (separate parts of independent clauses) or add commas (separate an independent
from a dependent clause)
Dangling Modifiers
Has no word in the rest of the sentence to attach to
oWRONG = Strolling casually beside the lagoon, my eyes fell upon two children chasing a pair of geese.
oRIGHT = As I strolled casually beside the lagoon, my eyes fell upon two children chasing a pair of geese
oRIGHT = Strolling casually beside the lagoon, I let my gaze fall upon two children chasing a pair of geese
VERBS
Focal point of a clause or a sentence
Heart of every predicate
Express not only action but also occurrence, process, and condition or state of being
Assert or ask something about their subjects
Transitive, Intransitive, and Linking Verbs
Transitive – a verb taking a direct object
oMakes a transition, conveys a movement, from subject to object
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