HR260 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: International Criminal Court, Economic Globalization, World Trade Organization

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This review sheet should help focus your studying for the multiple choice exam. You will
need to look up definitions for the listed concepts. Go through each point like a check list
and you will be fine.
Note that the exam does cover the whole semester. However, pre-midterm questions will
only cover international law, genocide, and cultural relativism and the questions will be
repeated from the midterm.
Torture
In 1754 Sweden became the first country to abolish virtually all forms of torture, and a few
years later Prussia did away with the practice altogether.
What are the Geneva Conventions and Protocols?
What are the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907?
Define customary law
Define universal jurisdiction
Define torturer’s bind
Whatever the motivation, there is one more characteristic shared by virtually all torturers:
they believe they will get away with their crimes. Torture does not survive long without
impunity.
Be aware of the social preconditions for Torture
Be aware of the Ticking Time Bomb argument
Be aware of the Slippery Slope Argument
What is the Bybee Memorandum?
Why was the United States (under the administration of George W. Bush) so determined to
redefine the term “torture?”
Be aware of the significance of the Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman,
and Degrading Treatment or Punishment and international efforts to end the practice of
torture.
What Makes a Gross Human Rights Violator?
Define Blame-shifting
1
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Define Behaviourism
Be aware of Stanley Milgram’s experiment in the 1970s
Define Deference to Authority as discussed in the O’Bryne article
Due Process Rights and Terrorism
Define due process rights
Define prisoners of conscience
Define Extra-judicial or summary execution
Define personal integrity rights
Media and Freedom of Speech
Define Marketplace of ideas
Define oxygen of publicity
What is Baudrillard’s “implosion of meaning” thesis?
Be aware of J.S. Mill’s four arguments in favour of free speech
Be aware of Herman and Chomsky’s “manufacturing of consent” theory
Be aware of Adorno and Horkheimer’s idea of media as “culture industry”
Human Rights and Forced Migration
Be aware of reasons why people would be forced to abandon their homes to seek shelter
elsewhere
Role of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
Define forced migrants
Define refugees (according to UN)
Define internally displaced people (IDPs)
Know difference between refugees and IDPs
Know difference between refugees and economic migrants
Define Asylum seekers
2
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