KP141- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 45 pages long!)

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12 Oct 2017
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KP141
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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KP141C/D
Introduction
- Class, race, gender (all play a role)
- Using speifi instanes is photographi approah (okay, ut not great – too specific)
- Reconstruction works on the basis that they can discover the past as it really was
- Both reconstructionist and constructionists believe that empirical evidence is the ultimate
historical knowledge
- Not all reconstructionist are averse to theory however
- Constructionists claim theory is fundamental for
o Range and volume of evidence
o Theory brings relations together
o Patterns often involve abstract thinking
- Deconstructionists abandoned objectivity (unavoidable realism)
- Explanatory paradigms
o Traditional narrative (story telling)
o Advocacy
o Comparing
o Causation
o Social change
o Context
o New culture
Chapter One
- Those who cannot remember the past are doomed to repeat it
- PLAY:
o Born with the desire to play (intrinsically motivated)
o Temporary suspension of reality
o Internal perfected control
- GAME:
o Organized play
- SPORT:
o Physical activity with prowess and skill, strategy is involved as is competition
o Chance for fun
- Descriptive history uses immense detail
- Interpretive history uses evidence while trying to explain
o Modernization/relation
o Urbanization/industrialization
- Metaphysics
o Study the nature of reality
o Helps to understand the mind and ody’s rule in ulture
o The nature of being (especially human existence)
o Ontology
The study of the nature of being, especially human existence
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o Theology
The study of the nature of God
o Cosmology
The study of the nature of the universe
- Philosophy
o Love of wisdom
o Philosophy and religion and science have common assumptions and starting points
- Epistemology
o Study of the nature of knowledge and how we acquire it
- Axiology
o Study of the nature of values
o Ethics
The study of the nature of good
o Aesthetics
The study of the nature of beauty
o Politics
The elements and ideas that make for a good society
- Logic
o The art and science of reasoning and an area that describes the ability to think
accurately and systematically
- Anaximander recognized as one of the first philosophers (610-545 B.C.)
- Existentialism is traces back to Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)
- Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1990) argued Judeo-Christian transcendent ideals
- Existentialism
1) The individual is center of everything
2) Existence precedes essence (each individual creates themselves)
3) Individuals should have the full opportunity to make choices
4) Individuals should take full responsibility for their actions
5) There must be authentic individually
6) Ambiguity
- Jean-Paul “artre’s (95-1980) argued the three dimensions of the body
1) The body as being-for-itself
2) The body as being-for-other
3) My body as body-known-by-the-other
- Phenology traced back to
o Franz Brentano (1838-1917)
o Carl Stumpf (1848-1936)
o Edmund Husserl (1859-1938)
Discussion Questions
1. Sport is different from play because sport is organized play, it requires a semblance of order and
balance. Both of these are different from physical education as while both sport and play can be
involved, there is typically a syllabus and it is planned with an educational background to it.
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