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Wilfrid Laurier University
Connell Mc Cluskey

Music is an art form whose medium is sound and silence Its common elements are pitch which governs melody and harmonyrhythm and its associated concepts tempo meter and articulation dynamics and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture The word derives 1from Greekmousike art of the MusesThe creation performance significance and even the definition of music vary according to culture and social context Music ranges from strictly organized compositions and their recreation in performance through improvisational music to aleatoric forms Music can be divided into genres and subgenres although the dividing lines and relationships between music genres are often subtle sometimes open to personal interpretation and occasionally controversial Within the arts music may be classified as a performing art a fine art and auditory art It may also be divided among art music and folk music There is also a strong connection betweenmusic and mathematics2 Music may be played and heard live may be part of a dramatic work or film or may be recordedTo many people in many cultures music is an important part of their way of life Ancient Greek and Indian philosophers defined music as tones ordered horizontally as melodies and vertically as harmonies Common sayings such as the harmony of the spheres and it is music to my ears point to the notion that music is often ordered and pleasant to listen to However 20thcentury composer John Cage thought that any sound can be music saying for example There is 3no noise only sound Musicologist JeanJacques Nattiez summarizes the relativist postmodern viewpoint The border between music and noise is always culturally definedwhich implies that even within a single society this border does not always pass through the same place in short there is rarely a consensusBy all accounts there is no single and intercultural universal concept 4defining what music might beContentshide 1 Historyo11 Prehistoric eraso12Ancient Egypt o13 Asian cultureso14 References in the Bibleo15 Antiquity151 Ancient Greece o16The Middle Ageso17 The Renaissanceo18 The Baroqueo19 Classicismo110 Romanticismo111 20th and 21stcentury music2 Performanceo21 Aural traditiono22Ornamentation 3 Production
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