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Study Guide

[PS101] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (15 pages long)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PS101
Professor
Don Morgenson
Study Guide
Midterm

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WLU
PS101
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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PS101
Challenges facing us
1. The brain
a. Remarkably complex, unable to understand it
b. The mind: consciousness is remarkable
c. Discovering new neurotransmitters everyday
d. Can a single system (the brain) understand itself?
2. The ethical dilemma
a. How much should we invade the human organism to study it? The morality?
b. To what is extent is deception okay?
c. Should we manipulate people in our quest for knowledge about the human organism
d. Prison study, obedience study, numerous unethical studies conducted
e. How much should we do to people to gain knowledge?
f. Two positions developed
i. Consequentialist (we can do anything we want)
1. The data we get from torturing is vital
ii. Deontological position (you can never use a human being for any purpose, no
matter how noble)
3. Prejudice/bias
a. Psychophobia a morbid fear of discovery of a great deal of ourselves
4. Context of human existence is changing
a. Science is redefining concepts that were given to us at the dawn of human existence,
redefining what life is, what is means to be human, nature
b. Some fear we may be giving up our own psychological centers and giving it up to
computer metaphors
c. Change seems to be the primary goal
d. Continuity rather than change has been the desired
e. Thousands of year problem has been how to protect humans from ravages of nature
i. Now we are trying to protect nature from human disaster
f. Symbolic language
i. Symbols and myths are important
ii. Heaven used to carry a sacred meaning, today we now speak of space, black
holes
iii. Mother earth nurturing, a reverence of nature, today we speak of abstract
matter
iv. Symbolic language infused our lives with a transcendence mean regardless of
faith gave life a greater meaning
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Biopsychosocial model
Bio - Suggesting that your tissues are important
Psycho mind, spirit, all important.
Bio your tissues effect how you think psycho how you think affects your social life social your
social life affects your tissues
All three are reciprocal of each other
How we got here: History of psychology
a. Animism idea that every physical object also has a spiritual side.
a. That spirit can either be + or
b. Little kids are very animalistic see a spirit in most objects
c. Every human, plant, tree, star, object has a spirit
b. Plato was a rationalist
a. Dualism
c. Aristotle
a. First to suggest that the brain does the bodies bidding
b. The body should be studied, lead to a dualism
c. Biological form of psychology
d. Aristotle laid the basis to imperialism
i. Experience was the final truth
d. 1879 school of structuralism (first school of psychology)
a. Wilhelm Wundt founded it
i. Expose students to visual and ask student to describe it
1. He said the descriptions represent structures of the mind
2. This method is called introspection
PS101
- Continued from last
Wundt said introspection analysis reveals structures of the mind
1. Reductionistic
2. Elemental
a. Revealed elements of the mind
3. Mentalistic
a. Depended on solely cognitive processes, thoughts
Wundt wanted to know what the mind is
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