Study Guides (248,145)
Canada (121,341)
Psychology (693)
PS101 (159)
Midterm

PS101 – 1st Midterm.docx

7 Pages
165 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PS101
Professor
Don Morgenson
Semester
Fall

Description
PS101 – 1 Midterm Chapter 1, 2 and Appendix B **Wundt – believes psychology should focus on conscious experience **William James – functionalist **Watson – Behavior, based his work off of Pavlov **Pavlov – Salivating dogs **Skinner – free will is an illusion (repeating responses based on outcome) **Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow – humanistic **G. Stanley Hall – 1 North American laboratory **Data collected by researcher = dependent variable **Random assignment will ensure similarities in test groups Chapter 1: History of Psychology and Different Schools of Thought  Psychology devotes itself to scientific policy  The quest for knowledge is neutral  Application is not neutral (ex: Icarus flying to close to the sun)  Psychology was born in Germany in 1879, so it is a relatively “youthful” science  It is the science of human behavior -> exterior  The human interior -> the science of experience  Plato ‘every student is a light”, creative sparks, we are the interior Difficulties/Questions with Psychology o The complexity of human behavior/brain  Brain Mind?  Brain can’t answer all questions about itself o Ethical  All questions are ethical  Violations in medicine  Consequentialists – intervene now means greater good for all (doing harm) Ex: Hugh Cameron  Deontological approach – protect all nature and humans (ex: Dr. Goldburger)  Didn’t use testing but studied people o Confidentiality o Deception – how much is necessary o Prejudice about learning about ourselves  Confronting darkness  Psychophobia – fear of studying ourselves  People know upset our knowledge about ourselves; Capernacus (earth around the sun), Darwin (theory of evolution) and Freud (unconscious decisions) o Context of Human Existence  Science is redefining terms that we have known for thousands of years  Giving up psychological center to machines (AI)  Speed of advancements is dramatic  Is change always good? (People will change even if there is no need to)  Continuity – keep good, eradicate bad  How do we protect nature from humans?  Symbolic language has been altered -> infuses into our conscious life  Transcendence -> hunger for it  General principles that are applied to individuals  Deductive/inductive Biopsychosocial Model  Biological -> psychological -> social  All 3 effect each other  Humans are biopsychosocial  You cannot assume that all of someone’s problems are purely of these factors History of Psychology  Long past, short history o Same questions have been asked forever  Animism – every physical object has a spirit to it o Can be daemonic (good) or demonic (bad) o Ex: children give characteristics to objects  Plato – ideas are the highest form, strive for perfect thoughts, avoid materialistic endeavors  Aristotle – emphasized material, mind does the body’s bidding  Materialism – reality is revealed through an understanding of the physical world of which the mind is a part  John Locke – laid the foundation for empiricism o Tabula asa – mind is a blank slate, knowledge originates in experience  1879 – Wundt created 1 laboratory of psychology Different Schools of Psychology  Structuralism (the school) – the study of the conscious experience o Introspection (the method) – reflect on your experiences and though  Wundt – the mind consists of structures and you report your conscience experience which then become structures o Reductionalistic o Mentalistic  Functionalism – what the mind is for, it helps you adjust (survival of the fittest) o Helped shaped by Darwin and William James o Williams James said we should study the function rather then the structure  Behaviorism – mind is a black box (full of unknown, little picture) o Cognitive thinking is valueless o Behavior can be manipulated through incentives o Psychology should study observable events o Stimuli -> responses o Ex: students get rewarded by education is they do well o John Watson based his work off of Pavlov (salivating dogs) and BF Skinner o If the stimuli is responsive to incentives, it will be repeated o John Watson became president of the APA in 1915 o Skinner trained animals to do amazing things (pigeons playing ping pong) o All of us learn through the same principles, reinforcement o “How have these behaviors been supported?” -> Biological (structuralism), psychological (functionalism) and social (behaviorism)  Max Vertemer -> mental experience cannot be broken down o Brain will try to make sense of patterns  Gestalt – the whole individual is complex and cannot be broken down to stimuli/responses (big picture) o Emphasized perception (how brain interprets vision) o Brain tries to see patterns in the whole o Brain try’s to make sense of what is happening when there is no stimuli (ex: dreaming), try’s to find patters when there is none o Try’s to give meaning to stimuli, find patterns in life o Emphasizes closure (ex: a breakup), existential ache o Looks at the whole  Psychoanalysis – Freud o Also a form of psychotherapy o Emphasizes on the unconscious and libido (sexual energy) o Everything we do is an expression of our libido o **ID, SUPEREGO, EGO** o Electra complex – Oedipus complex  Parents sexually abusing their children. Freud manipulated his study to blame the children  Humanistic/Existentialism – Maslow, Rogers o A completely, scientific approach has robbed us of our humanity o Inherent goodness can be reduced o We are characterized by spontaneity (Skinner would argue you are on a script, Freud would say libid
More Less

Related notes for PS101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit