Community Chapter 7.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Colleen Loomis

Chapter 7 Understanding Human Diversity CHAPTER SUMMARY CultureRefers to ethnic and culture groups as well as nationstates religious groups racial groupings and corporationsKey elements meanings and experiences shared by a group and communicated across generations Often expressed in what adults seeks to transmit to children though family socialization practices and formal schoolingExample Culture does NOT explain anything to sayAstrid behaves in a certain way because she is Swedish To understand cultural influences on Astrids actions in a certain situation we need to specify a Swedish cultural element that shaped her choices and action in that situationIn all societies cultures are dynamic and change over timeCommunity Psychologists have sought to understand how settings have layers of cultural influences that impact the composition functioning and interactions of its members RaceEthnicity Gender and Social ClassThese dimensions of diversity have been centrally involved in defining and addressing social issues RacePsychological and Social meaning in many societies a socially constructed set of categories related to inequalities of status and powerPersons of color are more frequently made acutely aware of their raceRacial distinctions in US life are based on history of slavery and segregation Race is not simply ethnicity background People make racial distinctions based on physical qualities such as skin color Ethnicity Is socially defined on the basis of cultural criteriaCan be defined as a social identity based on ones ancestry or culture of origin as modified by the culture in which one currently residesEthos Greek term referring to tribe or nationalityEthnicity defined by language customs values socialites and other aspects of subjective cultureEthnicity is not simply nationality Example India is a very multiethnic nation and even seemingly racially homogeneous countriessuch as Japanhave multiple ethnic groups GenderPerceived differences between females and males provide a distinction that has been the basis of socially constructed concepts and definitions of sexual differencesOur understanding of what it means to be female and how these categories are interpreted and reflected in social roles and the organization of social institutions
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