Business Law Final Notes

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Department
Administrative Studies
Course
ADMS 2610
Professor
Cristobal Sanchez- Rodriguez
Semester
Fall

Description
LawFinalNotesChapters4171921232527283335andAdditionalNotesChapter4IntentionalTortsTortComesfromTortusmeaningawrongIntentionalInterferenceofaPersonAssaultandBatteryAssaultAthreatofviolenceinjurytoapersonBatteryTheunlawfultouchingorstrikingofapersonEmployerVicariousLiabilityTheliabilityofanemployerforactsofhisheremployeesinthecourseofbusinessEmployermaybeliablefortheactionsofthetortcommittedinthecourseofordinarybusinessbutnotpersonallyresponsibleforthecriminalconsequencesofthetortresultingfromtheemployeeactionDefamationFalsestatementsthatinjureapersonsreputationTwoformsLibelorSlanderLibelDefamationinsomepermanentformsuchaswritingSlanderDefamationwithfalsestatementsorgesturesPossibleDefensesTruthofStatementThestatementsmadeweretruthfulQualifiedPrivilegeThestatementsweremadeingoodfaithandwithoutmaliceandweremadeundertheimpressionoftruthatthetimeAbsolutePrivilegeProtectsthespeakerofthewordsabsolutelyintentisforgovernmentlegislaturecoronersreportsorcourtsInadditionifthestatementisofopinionnotoffactorifthepersonsreputationissopoorthatnomoreharmcancometoitfromthestatementthedefamationwillberejectedLibelismoreseriousthanslanderduetothepermanentnatureofthefalsestatementBusinessRelatedTortsandCrimesSlanderofGoodsAstatementallegingthatthegoodsofacompetitoraredefectiveshoddyorinjurioustothehealthofaconsumerIffoundtobeuntruethesetypesofstatementsarethecommittingofatortInjuriousFalsehoodRelatedtoslanderofgoodsbutwithawiderscopeFalsestatementsaboutafirmitsproductsorbusinesspracticeswiththeintenttodissuadeothersfromdoingbusinesswiththatfirmSlanderofTitleAnuntruestatementabouttherightofanothertotheownershipofgoodsAnexampleisallegingthatacompetitorsgoodswerestolenorimproperlyimportedBreachofConfidenceRestraintofTradeAgreementsbetweenfirmstofixpricesinjurecompetitionorpreventothersfromenteringamarketBusinessCrimesDeceitAtortthatariseswhenapartysuffersdamagebyactinguponafalserepresentationmadebyanotherpartywiththeintentiontodeceivetheotherArisesfromfraudulentmisrepresentationFraudulentConversionofGoodsAriseswhenapersonhasobtainedgoodsunderfalsepretencesItdiffersfromtheftwhichistakinggoodswithoutconsentasgoodsarevoluntarilydeliveredtothepersonwhoobtainsthemthroughfraudAnexampleisapersonobtaininggoodsunderthepretencetheyareanagentofanothercustomeroradifferentpersonalltogetherChapter5NegligenceandUnintentionalTortsStrictLiabilityResponsibilityforlossregardlessofthecircumstancesCourtshavemovedawayfromthisapproachandnowlookatanumberoffactorsformosttortsbutstillsometortsareheldtostrictliabilityVicariousLiabilityTheliabilityatlawofonepersonfortheactsofanotherAppliedtocaseswhenonepersoncontrolstheactivityofanothertosuchanextentthattheactofonemaybeattributedtotheotherForexampleanemployerisusuallyvicariouslyliableforthetortsofthefirmsemployeesprovidedthatthetortsarecommittedbytheemployeesintheregularcourseofbusinessProximateCauseCausationAcauseofinjurydirectlyrelatedtoanactofadefendantDifficulttodetermineandislookedatonacasebycasebasisCausationislookedtobeestablishedbyabutfortestEssentiallyitasksthequestionbutforthedefendantsactionswouldtheinjurynothaveoccurredDutyofCareThedutynottoinjureanotherpersonThedutynottoinjuremustbeowedtothepartywhowasinjuredandtheinjuredpartymusthavearightthatwasviolatedbytheactsofthedefendantExampleacabdriverhasadutyofcareregardingthesafetyofhistransportationofpassengersDeterminingNegligenceWheninterferenceisintentionalitgenerallyinvolvesaconsciousdecisiontoatinaviolentorharmfulwaytowardsanotherwheninterferenceisunintentionalthepartyhasnomensreatowardsinjuringthepartyandcanbeanactofnegligenceDeterminingLiability
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