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Midterm 3 Review Review for midterm 3.

Course Code
CRIM 2650
Livy Visano
Study Guide

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2/12/2011 6:51:00 PM
Neo- liberalism:
erasing the economic state, dismantling the social state, and
strengthening the penal state are all consequences of neo-
o those who total want to strengthen the penal state are those
who yesterday demanded the end of big government in the
social and economic front. This may seem contradictory, but
it’s not because what it does is to punish poverty
o on one hand it wants to punish the poor and deskilled and
deregulated labor market while having an onmiprescnet penal
state. The result of this is make the lower classes accept low
wages and to accept being criminalized
Neo- Liberalism and Critique:
o Neo-liberalism is regarded as wrong knowledge of society
and of the economy and should be replaced by impartial
knowledge. This is because with the current rules of society
would not let neo-liberalism survive neither would with the
laws in place. neo-liberalism as an ideology
o Neo-liberalism as an extension of the economy into the
domain of politics, triumph of capitalism over the state-
neoliberalism as an economic- political entity
o The destructive effects of neoliberalism on individuals and on
society = neoliberalism as practical anti-humanism
The problems with these critiques is that they critique the same
elements they are founded on. They operate by confronting
knowledge and power, power and subject, economy and the
state. They are bridged through governmentality that couples
these dualism by coupling forms of knowledge, strategies of
power, and technologies of self. Thus, bringing an
understanding of the current political situation
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2/12/2011 6:51:00 PM
New Left Realism: YOUNG
Both radical in its criminology and realistic in its approach to crime
and its causes
o Radical because it looks at crime as being an endemic of
class and the patriarchal nature of society. Says crime its
embedded in the core institutions of society (gender and
class) and central values (hyper masculinity and
o Realistic: in that it stays true to the nature of crime, which
involves several tasks:
Appraising the reality of crime
Decomposing crime into its key components
Look at causality
Understand the changing social sphere
The particular time when NLR rose was the 1980s where the
conservative neo liberal governments were coming to power in the
western world with extreme severe approaches to crime and
dismantling the social state, and erasing the economic state
At this time, there was Left realism which arose in the 1960s
through libertarianism and said that crime was the way of the
community defending itself from the government, particularly
the police and the CJS.
So We needed a combination of both which was NLR which would
take crime seriously (realism) and be radical in the sense that it
focuses on the problems of policy and its analysis
Short term gain and long-term transformation:
o Sets itself against a criminology that believes crime is a
glitch that can easily be fixed
o realist in the sense that criticizes radicals that say that crime
can be fixed and yet focus on the inequalities of the CJS
o Need policies to reduce the impact of crime on society and
they should be aimed in the long run because crime is social
justice gone wrong and it should look at creating form of
control that breeds out of social justice
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