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GWST 1502 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Indian Act, Heterosexism, Medical Model

Gender and Women's Studies
Course Code
GWST 1502
Kristine Klement
Study Guide

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Gender and Woman Studies: exam prep
“Freak-show:” The freak show was created to exploit the “otherness” of
inferior groups of people. These settings depicted Africans slaves in a White
Western context and people with physical disabilities as subhuman. The
binary of this represents “freaks/rubes” with rubes being the dominant
category. By dehumanizing the “freaks” the rubes were successful in socially
modeling themselves in a position of power. The freak show still continues in
modern age through the “Medical model of Disability” which exploits
individuals as objects to be scientifically observed rather than human beings.
(Public stripping)
Indian Act: Central legislation governing First Nations in Canada. Formed
under Western powers, it became a method to regulate and control the
Native people and conform them to the norms of Canadian society. The Act
was centered on fundamental reorganization of kinship based on racism,
patriarchy and heterosexism. It promoted a patriarchal family structure that
had disadvantages on Native women. The Indian Act has not only led to
Native women losing their rights, but was instrumental in producing
dehumanizing stereotypes which destroyed the lives and dignity of Native
First-wave Feminism: First-wave feminism was a period of feminist activity
that occurred during the 19th and early 20th century throughout the
Western world. While it focused on equality with legal issues, it failed to
place emphasis on cultural and social inequalities. This resulted in the
women most vulnerable to discrimination being greatly silenced.
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