Study Guides (380,000)
CA (150,000)
York (10,000)
KINE 1000 (100)
Study Guide

KINE 1000- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 56 pages long!)


Department
Kinesiology & Health Science
Course Code
KINE 1000
Professor
Hernan Humana
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 56 pages of the document.
York
KINE 1000
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

5. How are power & privilege crucially important to health?
Power:
Patricia H. Collins taught us about the Additive Analysis of Oppression.
Oppression is dichotomous thinking and then ranking these categories
3 dimension: institutional, symbolic, the individual
Voyeurism = subordinate groups being observed with curiosity; as the
other group. This allows for apathy towards those who are oppressed
differently/more than the dominant group, and hence blaming them for
their shortcomings.
Ex: Fat people are Fat because they’re lazy, not because urban food
deserts make it hard/super expense to access fresh healthy food.
In lecture, Dr. Humana talked about Antonio Gramsci’s Hegemony, which helps shape the
ideological ideas behind what is ranked as powerful and what is not.
Hegemony: a common sensical leadership in which those without power
would not question those with power or at least would not overthrow them
from power.
Hegemony allows for the ranking of socially constructed categories
(race/gender/ethnicity/class/etc.) as dominant and submissive.
Privilege:
Peggy Mcintosh taught us about Unearned Privileges.
Unearned privileges are all socially constructed:
gender/race/ethnicity/age/ability/religion/nationality/sexual orientation/class
Unearned privileges make one group (the dominant one) feel more
comfortable/confident on the account of making another one (the subordinate one) feel
less comfortable/alienated.
Hence, unearned privilege leads to conferred dominance (ex: racism, sexism, agism,
etc.)
Unearned privilege, in her reading being White privilege, is the invisible knapsack,
that provides opportunities, acceptance, and accessibility to those who carry it.
Connections to Health:
Power, along with Hegemony, allow for the ranking of socially constructed categories.
Inclusion or exclusion from these socially constructed categories leads to unequal power
relations among society, hence unearned privilege and conferred dominance.
Dr. Safai taught us that the social determinants of health are as important, if not more,
than our biology & choices in terms of health.
Social Determinants of health:
The economic and social factors that influence the health of individuals and
communities as a whole
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

The quantity and quality of a variety of resources that are distributed to
individuals/communities
This obviously varies for everyone due to unequal power distribution/privilege
Most important SDOH is income.
The lower the SES, the more likely you are to suffer from chronic health problems,
low levels of self esteem, higher levels of depression, and to die early.
Dr. Gary Bloch devised a treatment plan that screens for poverty.
Dr. Safai and Nina-Marie Lister taught us about food deserts:
45% increase in food bank usage in inner suburbs vs. 16% decrease in city core
This U-shaped pattern reflects the reality of the city: city core = wealthy people; inner
suburbs = lower SES
Flexible food: Almost half of those who frequent food banks don't eat anything for a
whole day to save on money, children included.
Disadvantaged areas of cities (spatial inequality) with relatively poor access to
healthy and affordable food
Low SES have poorest access to increasingly suburbanized supermarkets
Low SES individuals are more likely to have mobility restrictions
Lack of access results in shopping at convenience stores where price is 2x higher and
often less nutritious
Conclusion:
Power and Hegemony control the socially constructed categories in which we rank people.
These categories include (or lack) certain privileges (or conferred dominance). Class, race,
ethnicity, and age are all SDOH, which are all Structure-related factors, and they have more
effect on our health than biology or agency (since our agency is limited by structure). People
living in low SES are more likely to have chronic illnesses, bad mental/psychological health, and
higher death rate. They are also less likely to have access to fresh affordable healthy food due
to food deserts.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version