Olympic Games (Review)

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Department
Kinesiology & Health Science
Course
KINE 1000
Professor
Hernan Humana
Semester
Winter

Description
Winter term tutorial discussion slides Olympic Games reading How to approach the reading 1. Focus on key facts about the people who resurrected the Olympic Games 2. Focus on points from the reading that connect with ideas and issues of the course – for example: Race, Class and Gender Power and Hegemony Founders of the Modern Olympic Games • Which two key figures does the reading identify as responsible for resurrecting the Olympic Games? Founders of the Modern Olympic Games Dr. William Penny Brookes (1809–1895) Baron Pierre de Coubertin (1863–1937) Founders of the Modern Olympic Games • In what way did Dr. William Penny Brookes contribute to the resurrection of the Olympic Games? Founders of the Modern Olympic Games •Dr. Brookes knew about ancient Greek athletes and their striving for excellence (arēte) in mind, body and spirit • In 1850 this inspired him to form “...the Wenlock Olympian Class, and organization that promoted the moral, physical, and intellectual development of area residents” (Course Reader) • The Wenlock Olympics attracted athletes from all over Britain. Dr. Brookes invited Baron Pierre de Coubertin to attend. He did, and “By the conclusion of the Wenlock Olympics, Coubertin knew it was his destiny to revive the Olympic Founders of the Modern Olympic Games • How did Baron Pierre de Coubertin contribute to the resurrection of the Olympic Games? Founders of the Modern Olympic Games •Baron Pierre de Coubertin, a well-educated French aristocrat, used his social position to tirelessly lobby for the resurrection of the Olympic Games • ``...Coubertin used his political and social connections to gain control over amateur sport in France.... During the meeting of the Unions des Sports Athletiques held at the Sorbonne in November 1892, he proposed to renew the Olympic Games...The assembled delegates were indifferent to Coubertin`s proposal`` (Course Reader). Founders of the Modern Olympic Games •``The second opportunity arose in June 1894, when Coubertin organized the International Congress of Paris.... Coubertin used the week of meetings to politic, lobby, and nurture his proposal for reestablishment of the Olympic Games. To Coubertin`s delight, the Congress voted to reestablish the Olympics`` (Course Reader). • Baron Pierre de Coubertin influenced the subsequent development of the Olympics, beginning as secretary in the IOC and later serving as president until he retired in 1925. • As a result of his efforts, the first Modern Olympics opened in The Modern Olympic Games – Social Class • How is the issue of social class relevant to the Olympic Games? The Modern Olympic Games – Social Class Answer: Olympism and Amateurism • Can you see how Olympism and Amateurism are relevant to the issue of social class? The Modern Olympic Games – Social Class • Olympism is a philosophy of life that emphasises joy in effort, respect for ethical principles, and the goal of creating a peaceful, harmonious world through sport and athletics without discrimination of any kind, mutual understanding, respect, friendship and fair play • Amateurism is part of the Olympism ideal of joy in effort – of freely using one`s own time to practice and so excel in one`s sport and then be worthy to take part in the Olympics without motivation of gain or reward – but doesn`t this make it hard or even impossible for people from social classes that do not include much leisure time, or who might need to be professional (paid) athletes, from taking part in the The Modern Olympic Games – Social Class • What is “broken time” and how is it relevant to the issue of social class and participation in the Games? The Modern Olympic Games – Social Class • “The IOC addressed the question of amateurism in...1925... the question of broken time was...vigorously debated. Broken time involved a situation in which athletes were reimbursed for time lost from work when they were traveling and competing. The prevalent thinking among the IOC was that money given to athletes under the broken-time practice compromised the amateur ethic, so it adamantly opposed the practice of paying athletes via broken-time reimbursement” (Course Reader). • In 1930 the “...IOC again opposed outright payments to athletes but ducked the issue of defining the phrase `compensation for loss of salary`¸ leaving the door open for abuse of the amateurism ideal and payments to athletes in one The Modern Olympic Games – Gender • How is the issue of gender relevant to the Olympic Games? The Modern Olympic Games – Gender The following are relevant to an answer to the question: • Pierre de Coubertin‟s motivations for resurrecting the Olympic Games • Women‟s participation in
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