The Fact of Evolution
hypothesis: educated guess
theory: hypothesis with some evidence going for it
fact: when the truth of a belief/theory is beyond a reasonable doubt (not to be
confused with Descartes’ beyond all possible doubt, which is a ridiculous standard,
which even his cogito ergo sum does not meet)
Evolution is treated as a fact in the science of biology, not a theory
Read top-notch biologists (not other sources), and actually find out for yourself!
Some good books on the topic by top-notch professional biologists:
Jerry A. Coyne (2009). Why Evolution Is True.
Kenneth R. Miller (2008). Only A Theory: Evolution and the Battle for America’s
Richard Dawkins (2008). The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution.
Ernst Mayr (2001). What Evolution Is.
John Brockman, ed. (2006). Intelligent Thought: Science versus the Intelligent
[most of the contributors to this volume are scientists]
The same is stated in biology textbooks, e.g.:
Douglas Futuyma (1998). Evolutionary Biology.
There are also excellent essays, e.g.:
David Quammen (2004). “Was Darwin Wrong? No. The Evidence for Evolution is
Overwhelming.” National Geographic (Nov., pp. 2–35).
Theodosius Dobzhansky (1973). “Nothing in Biology Makes Sense Except in the
Light of Evolution.”
American Biology Teacher (35, 125–129).